Картина Достоевского и панорама Толстого: к истории одной параллели у Вяч. Иванова и Андре Жида
The article deals with the pictorial analogy used in V. Ivanov and André Gide’s works on Dostoevsky. According to the analogy, the artistic technique of Tolstoy can be associated with the diffused light, while the one of Dostoevsky — with the art of chiaroscuro. We are trying to understand if Gide could have been familiar with the work by Ivanov; what historical, literary and art history works could have served as a common source for this analogy, and how the analogy functions in the works by the two authors.
F. Werfel about G. Verdi (based on the composition «Verdi. Novel of the opera») (by Zusman V. G., Zusman N. D.). In this paper the cultural opposition «Verdi - Wagner» is discussed. The opposition is described by the Austrian writer Franz Werfel in his «Verdi. Novel of the opera». Werfel compares the artistic world and the personality of the Italian composer Giuseppe Verdi with the German composer Richard Wagner. The author comes to conclusion, that the principle of melody, the power of an individual human voice expressed in the music of Verdi are much more important than the combined force of the instruments in the orchestra of Wagner.
In the article the author analyses Dඈඌඍඈඒൾඏඌඒ´s story “Bobok”, which concerns the idea of relationship between life and death. The text describes living of people who don´t die, or rather who are already dead in their lifetime. The story follows up the topic used in the prior prose “Notes from the Dead House”. Particularity of the story “Bobok” is based on the impossibility of a dialogue between “a body and a soul” in a sense of the medieval tradition – here souls are rotting together with bodies, their corporeal life continues after the death. It is a specifi c image of immortality (life after life) and one of the most dreadfull metaphor of the life in Russia. The author percieves his work also as a dialogue between Dඈඌඍඈඒൾඏඌඒ and Pඅൺඍඈ.
This part of the study concerns historical and mythological space of Norman Mailer's Egyptian novel "Ancient Evenings". Norman Mailer establishes close links between Egyptians and their narure and gods. Relying on their mythology, religion and commitment to magical rituals the writer depicts history, culture and social structure of Egypt. This aspect is considered by the authhor of the article as the basic one in concerning the writer's poetics
The book is devoted to one of the most prominent American writers, Norman Mailer who had a vivid imagination. He was one of those authors who visualized themselves as well as their works, and on the contrary novelized their country and reality. N. Mailer was a very public person. He revealed his publicity being a novelist, essayist, journalist, playwright, screenwriter, actor and even a film director. Besides one may find lots of his radio and TV interviews. This is one more aspect of his literary work, because his unique feature is a correlation between the art of writing and the media. America is Mailer’s beloved subject. More over his America is an Individual. It is a lifelike image created with all its complexities by means of speculating on real facts and people. In this sense there is another interesting trait of Mailer’s work: through the period analyzed in the book he coped with both fiction and non-fiction. In doing so the writer dramatized the best and the worst of American life by connecting the life of his characters to the life of the nation. And his characters are preeminently illustrious Americans, the symbols of this country. Chronological order of publications is replaced by aspects: history, mythology, imagination. This is the study of Mailer’s combination of fiction and non-fiction, fact and document, history and reality, visualization and novelization by studying his books: Harlot’s Ghost, Oswald’s Tale. An American Mystery, The Ancient Evenings, The Gospel According to the Son, Tough Guys Don’t Dance, The Castle in the Forest
"Semiotics of Scandal" is the third collection of the series "Mechanisms of culture". It presents the materials of an international conference held at the Center for Slavic studies (Sorbonne, Paris). The authors, using different methodologies, analyze different forms of scandal as one of the dominant categories of the literary process, history, and politics.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.