Роль социокультурной среды при формировании диалога культур в структуре языковой личности
The article is devoted to the issues of the formation of a special language personality type, which is defined through the collaboration of cultures in its structure. The originality of the language personality is based on the interaction of different types of speech culture and different national cultures. The article studies sociocultural factors that can lead to a dialogue of cultures in the structure of a language personality. These factors can be common for the whole society and for an individual. The example of a language personality, in the structure of which there is a dialogue of speech cultures, is Maxim Gorky, a writer who is known for a creative attitude to the word. The dialogue of different national cultures is a mark of originality of the language personality of a modern rock poet Boris Grebenshchikov. It influenced his poetic language. The quality of assimilation of different cultures is realized at the level of meanings of a polysemous word, while either the meanings of the word refer to different cultures, or connotations, related to a particular culture, stick to the major meaning of the word.