The author shows motives and methods of falsifications in the activity of NKVD officers at the time of Great Terror. An example of Perm NKVD officers is a focus of this micro-historical analysis. The main sources include the files of so called «counterrevolutionary crimes’ trials» in the State Contemporary History Archives of Perm Region. The most useful documents are examination testimonies of Perm NKVD officers. These sources correlate with a great number of evidences of the victims of political repressions. Available sources permit revealing both the motives and methods of falsification work of Perm NKVD officers. The subject of inquiry is an illegal activity of executors who were NKVD officers of mean and lower rank. Using mass falsification allowed them to construct fabulous plots which were supposedly hatched by “public enemies”. Those NKVD officers, together with their leaders, became co-organizers of Great Terror. The analysis of the sources permits stating that daily work of NKVD officers in the years of Great Terror was not in conducting inquiries but in providing mass falsifications based on forgery, violence, etc.
The article, based on archives materials, analyzes a reaction of the victims of repressive policy (peasants and their home-folks) in Perm Region to the beginning of «dekulakisation» and expulsion, also discovers the motives of peasants' complaints to the authorities.
The author considers the process of political polarization of the Republican Party on social and moral issues during the period of US presidential elections in 2012. The aim of the research is to determine the role of the social conservatives in the process of polarization. Rick Santorum’s presidential campaign is analyzed in comparison with the programs of his main competitors (M. Romney, N. Gingrich and R. Paul). The formation of voter confidence with socially conservative beliefs to R. Santorum is investigated. Special attention is paid to the Republican front runners’ programs. The most significant, in the context of investigation, phases of the 2012 Republican primaries are analyzed. Strengthening of right-wing elements of the Republican Party is explored. The paper is based on the books, articles and speeches of the Republican candidates, the transcriptions of television debates, the results of exit polls and elections.