Вопрос о концептуализации философии: Хайдеггер и Ласк
The article is devoted to the analysis of approaches to the conceptualization of philosophical inquiry in the projects of Heidegger’s fundamental ontology and Lask’s logic of philosophy. The basis for such a comparison is the adaptation of some of the conceptual tools of Lask’s philosophy in Heidegger’s writings. The approach developed in the article continues the analysis of the genesis of concepts of fundamental ontology, outlined in the research literature. Such analysis involves referring to Heidegger’s early writings and identifying significant intertextual connections, among which, undoubtedly, is the conceptual connection of Heidegger’s philosophy with Lask’s works. The purpose of this paper is primarily to show that behind this adaptation of the conceptual tools lies the area of research common to both philosophers, which is most clearly presented in their metaphilosophical reflections related to the problem of the formation of categories of philosophy. For this purpose, the article examines the most significant ideas of Lask for this problem, such as the differentiation of the roles of constitutive and reflexive categories, the principle of material determination of the logical forms, the categorial affectedness of non-sensible material, etc., as well as concepts such as validity (Geltung), material involvement (Bewandtnis), pretheoretical meanings, the moment of clarity, etc. At the same time, the paper states that Heidegger adopts these ideas critically, and also builds his strategy of conceptualizing the question of being on the basis, which is methodologically different from Lask’s logic of validity.