От Theatersperre до союзнической администрации: к вопросу об институциональной резистентности театра на примере Венской Государственной оперы и Бургтеатра, 1944–1945
The article examines the institutional crisis and transition of Vienna’s two most prestigious theatres – the State Opera and the Burgtheater, united as Federal/State Theatres – during the final stages of the Third Reich and the early period of Soviet occupation. It focuses on the transformation and Всеобщая история 37 ЛОКУС: люди, общество, культуры, смыслы. 2021. Т. 12. № 2 disintegration of power hierarchies, patronage structures and supply lines following the halt to normal seasons decreed by Goebbels in August 1944. The theatres maintained a capable and increasingly centralized administration that struggled for keeping the personnel and obtaining financial and material resources. After the loss of the two main buildings in March 1945, and much of available liquidity, internal administrative cohesion facilitated the Sovietsupported renaissance of Viennese cultural life, and the subsequent Austrian nation-building. Organizational resilience and personnel continuities were key, and often underestimated factors, that helped managing the crisis and restoring the Federal Theatres’ position and symbolic capital.