Этико-психологическое портретирование российского коррупционера
Background. Portraying a typical Russian corrupt official is important as a preventive measure to apply within the
system of human resources on civil service.
Objective. The study is aimed at creating a psychological portrait of civil servants working in the environments
where corruption is possible in order to reveal their attitude to corruption and to the means used to eliminate it.
Design. 100 municipal civil servants from the city of Kostroma took part in an anonymized survey with a standardized
questionnaire. The survey encompassed civil servants of all levels: heads of departments and their deputies (top
level), department managers and their deputies (mid level), minor officials.
Results. Analyzing the results obtained within the survey one can conclude that for top-level civil servants the most
important advantages of municipal civil service are the ability to help people and society in solving their problems, as
well as substantial pension and good psychological climate. For mid-level managing positions the main advantages are psychological climate, that comes first, and, subsequently, the ability to help people. Minor officials’ scale of values prioritizes material gain over everything else. Instead of understanding corruption in the broad sense, as abuse of authority, the way the concept of corruption is represented in the law, civil servants view it more narrowly — as bribery. The most common excuses for bribery, according to the civil servants questioned, include protection and the bosses being interested in “extra” profit as well as the situation of mutual bribing and financial problems caused by low salary. The barriers for bribery, in civil servants’ opinion, are moral norms and the fear to be punished or fired.
Conclusions. The analysis of literature on the subject, as well as the empirical study conducted, allows to single
out the most characteristic features that a corrupt civil servant has. Corrupt civil servants are highly extravert, they are
very eager to please people, and have a variety of addictions. The values of power and dominance contribute to making corruption acceptable, while the primary role of care and universalism lower its level.