Фортификация многовальных городищ в Пермском Приуралье в эпоху Великого переселения народов: теория и интерпретации
The article discusses about reasons for the emergence of tradition to build multiple ramparts to the hillforts. The authors offer their own fundamentally new view and criticize existing concepts. The research based both archival materials and field study in 2019–2020. Application of method by A.V. Korobeinikov the simulation modeling by archaeology data, made it possible to reveal the logic and the algorithm of building the fortifications to the hillforts of the 1st millennium AD. In the paper the foundations of the theory of fortification are presented, as applied to archaeology. An algorithm the transformation of fortifications on hillforts of the 1st millennium AD has been shown from simple to more complex. Information out a series of hillforts in the Perm region have been involved into the scientific discurs. Including, specificities of the geomorphology and hydrology of the location of hillforts with multiple ramparts and their link with ore deposits (copper sandstone and sederite) were revealed
The collection contains materials of the international scientific-practical conference. The book outlines current issues of the archeology of Kazakhstan and adjacent territories. The collection is addressed to archaeologists, ethnographers, historians and local historians.
The collection contains materials of reports sent to participate in the V International Scientific Conference, held in Aktobe on 6-7 October 2016, dedicated to the complex of events dedicated to the 25th anniversary of Independence Republic of Kazakhstan. The conference is named after the famous Kazakh archaeologist World Kasymovich Kadyrbaeva, who made a great contribution to the study of history and culture Western Kazakhstan. The existing long-standing and strong contacts with the representatives of research centers and Russian museums, Uzbekistan, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine received reflected in the materials sent by a wide chronological and thematic range. Proceedings of the conference will be of interest to archaeologists, ethnographers, historians, teachers and students, and anyone interested in the history and culture of Eurasia
Analysis of iconographic and stylistic parallels to monuments from Chilikta in the light of new findings (both within the cemetery and adjacent territories) recently devoted a lot of studies that have been designated important issues at the present stage of studying the culture of the Eurasian nomads in the beginning I thousand. BC .e. On the basis of analysis of current research involving the role of iconographic and stylistic parallels announced interim results: The most important achievements were the clarification of the dating sites, the selection of successive steps in the processes of nucleation and assimilation of certain images and motifs in certain temporal and territorial framework.
Result of a Franco-Russian project (CNRS – Russian Academy of Sciences), this publication presents the latest advances of recent research on the Vikings in a multidisciplinary and comparative perspective across Eastern Europe. It proposes a reflection on the dynamics of cultural exchanges analysed as a process of interactions that have traversed ethnic or social groups, countries, religious beliefs and practices, generations, genders. Questions concerning the specificities of these processes and the reciprocal transformations of Scandinavian settlements and local societies (Frankish, Anglo-Saxon, Slavic, Finnish) are posed. A large part is devoted to the actors involved in these changes (elites, merchants, ecclesiastics, artisans, women, skalds, historiographers...), and the places or areas where they took place. This publication thus participates to the broader reflection on the notions discussed concerning acculturation, cultural transfers and the “middle ground” whose heuristic interest goes far beyond the phenomenon of Scandinavian expansion during the Viking era
In Russia, many citizens have a deficiency of vitamins and minerals due to their deficiency in the diet. This deficit can be made up by eating fortified foods. This study is devoted to the study of the attitude of Russian consumers to products enriched with vitamins and minerals. The theoretical study of the article is devoted to the identification, justification and grouping of factors that affect the choice of foods enriched with added vitamins and minerals. The article presents the results of a study of consumers’ attitude to salt enriched with iodine as the most important product in the Ural region, for which the problem of iodine deficiency is traditionally acute. According to the study, young people, women, consumers with higher incomes, people who already use iodine-containing vitamins and increased amounts of seafood, people who have a doctor’s prescription for the consumption of these products, as well as those who have formed an understanding of the increased usefulness of this product are willing to pay more for an enriched product.
Current estimates of the contribution of Continental migrants to the early medieval English population range from less than 10 000 to as many as 200 000. In contrast, recent studies based on Y-chromosome variation posit a considerably higher contribution to the modern English gene pool (50–100%). Historical evidence suggests that following the Anglo-Saxon transition, people of indigenous ethnicity were at an economic and legal disadvantage compared to those having Anglo-Saxon ethnicity. It is likely that such a disadvantage would lead to differential reproductive success. We examine the effect of differential reproductive success, coupled with limited intermarriage between distinct ethnic groups, on the spread of genetic variants. Computer simulations indicate that a social structure limiting intermarriage between indigenous Britons and an initially small Anglo-Saxon immigrant population provide a plausible explanation of the high degree of Continental male-line ancestry in England.