The intertwining of knowledge sharing and creation in the digital platform based ecosystem. A conceptual study on the lens of the open innovation approach
Generally, there is a common sense to consider knowledge sharing and creation as two separate processes but a new matter emerges when those processes are intertwining. In this vein, this research aims to discuss on the lens of the open innovation (OI) model how such intertwining generates digital platform-based ecosystem.
Understanding Knowledge Creation: Intellectuals in Academia, the Public Sphere and the Arts brings together scholars from a wide range of disciplines and cultures and involves them into a multi-dimensional dialogue on the mechanisms of knowledge creation in the present-day society with a specific focus on intellectuals as knowledge creators in three main arenas of their activity: the ‘institutionalized’ arena - academia - and two adjacent arenas: the public sphere and the arts.
Purpose – Knowledge management (KM) is the process of capturing the value from the knowledge assets and intellectual capital of the organization. Knowledge and effective knowledge management could be a source of competitive advantage. However, due to intangible nature of knowledge resources managers and academics struggle to evaluate the effectiveness of KM systems in organizations.
The main objective of this paper is to understand and describe the specific aspects of KM lifecycle in Russian companies. We aim to answer the following research question: What KM life cycle stages are the most and the least developed in Russian companies?
Design/methodology/approach – We chose a mixed-method research strategy. Qualitative part includes preliminary interviews with KM practitioners. The results of qualitative part helped us to adapt a framework developed by Bukowitz and Williams (1999) to the Russian settings. Quantitative part includes a survey on a sample of 104 executive managers of Russian companies presenting different industries and geographical regions.
Originality/value – The current paper contributes to KM academic theory in three different ways. First, the paper demonstrates state of the art of KM practices implemented in Russian companies and provides specific explanations of the results. Secondly, the authors propose a revised shortened version of a questionnaire for express diagnostic of KM maturity. Finally, special coefficient of KM maturity was developed and evaluated.
Practical implications – The paper demonstrated state of the art of KM implementation in Russian companies, helping managers to identify bottlenecks and areas for further development. Specifically, we suggest that managers of Russian companies pay close attention to the advancing and contributing stage of KM life cycle by fostering knowledge sharing, overcoming barriers, and implementing positions of knowledge analytics and coordinators. Besides, the paper suggests explanations for the identified problems and provides managerial recommendations related to the development of KM strategies in Russian context.
This project describes an application for creating ubiquitous hypertext on the Web, which enhances the user experience by allowing clipping and sharing the information. The goal of the application is to annotate text and link it to relevant content, especially from the Linked Open Data community and from the Ontos knowledge base. The paper describes two use cases and highlights the main functionality of the application.
This paper discusses the importance of innovation communities for contemporary innovation management. Based on a detailed literature review and corresponding industry examples, this paper suggests that userdriven innovation through tools like virtual communities, communities of practitioners and living labs will be of increased importance for future innovation processes. Of particular importance for integrating dispersed knowledge, such tools also provide very valuable information sources for strategic planning approaches like foresight.
Thе paper investigates the influence of a set of twelve various nature knowledge sharing barriers (shortly, KSBs) on the knowledge sharing speed and quality in the administrative subdivisions of six leading Russian universities. The respondents have been answering the questionnaire including questions regarding the KSBs’ perceived strength from the knowledge requester and knowledge holder positions, thus creating four models tested via the IBM SPSS Statistics 22 package as linear regression equations. The testing results are showing statistically significant influence of several KSBs on the knowledge sharing speed and quality. The methodology and results of the study have both practical applicability and theoretical value, as administrative subdivisions are considerably unpopular objects of knowledge sharing research in higher educational institutions, in contrast to the research and teaching subdivisions. Several further research development directions are suggested, considering both the sample extension and changes in the research methodology.
Purpose – This paper aims to investigate three key factors (i.e. cognitive dimensions, the knowledge-driven approach and absorptive capacity) that are likely to determine the preference for informal inbound open innovation (OI) modes, through the lens of the OI model and knowledge-based view (KBV). The innovation literature has differentiated these collaborations into informal inbound OI entry modes and formal inbound OI modes, offering an advocative and conceptual view. However, empirical studies on these collaborations are still limited.
Design/methodology/approach – Building on the above-mentioned theoretical framework, the empirical research was performed in two stages. First, data were collected via a closed-ended questionnaire distributed to all the participants from the sample by e-mail. Second, to assess the hypotheses, structural equation modelling (SEM) via IBM® SPSS® Amos 20 was applied.
Findings – The empirical research was conducted on 175 small to medium enterprises in the United Kingdom, suggesting that the knowledge-driven approach is the strongest determinant, leading to a preference for informal inbound OI modes. The findings were obtained using SEM and are discussed in line with the theoretical framework.
Research limitations/implications – Owing to the chosen context and sector of the empirical analysis, the research results may lack generalisability. Hence, new studies are proposed.
Practical implications – The paper includes implications for the development of informal inbound OI led by knowledge-driven approach.
Originality/value – This paper offers an empirical research to investigate knowledge-driven preferences in informal inbound OI modes.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.