Деконфессионализация сакрального смысла нормы как метод в сравнительно-правовом исследовании религиозно-правовых систем
The author attempts to provide for a possible method of comparative studies in the religious legal system, defined hereof as decofessionalisation of the sacral meaning of a religious norm. The substance of the method is a shift from a confessional tradition of understanding of the norm to its deeper sacral meaning. This requires a shift from certain traditional paradigma, at the same time it’s promising as far as it opens a possibility to find those common grounds, which are requested by the modern world as a theoretical background for removal of dangerous modern rivalries
Mağmū‘ uṣūl ad-dīn wa-masmū‘ maḥṣūl al-yaqīn (“Summa of the foundations of religion and what has been heard of reliable knowledge”) – a comprehensive treatise of Mu’taman Ibn al-‘Assāl, a Coptic author of the 13th century, contains a fragment of “the treatise by Ibn aṭ-Ṭayyib, the Nestorian, with a list of opinions of people on the Unity and their arguments”. The present article is a source study that discusses the using of the works of Ibn aṭ-Ṭayyib by the medieval Copts. The research is followed by a Russian translation of the fragment edited by Ibn al-‘Assāl.
The Book of the Concordance of Faith (Kitāb iǧtimāʿ al-amāna) is an ecumenical treatise that aims at reconciling three main denominations of Syrian Christianity: the ‘Nestorians’, the ‘Melkites’, and the ‘Jacobites’. The work is known in two recensions, one of which is ascribed to Elias al-Ǧawharī, while the other, probably the original one, is attributed to ʿAlī ibn Dāwūd al-Arfādī. Russian historians frequently referenced to the treatise as written by “Elias Geveri, the Nestorian Metropolitan,” emphasizing that the work contains a testimony to the two-ﬁnger sign of the cross current in his time among the Melkites. The article deals with the source on which these references are based to explore the ecumenical views in the medieval Christian Orient, with a special reference to the ‘roots and branches’ concept.
In the histories of ecumenism, its initial formation is usually dated the early 20th century. The World Missionary Conference held in Edinburgh in 1910 is referred to as its «symbolic beginning». A quest for the origins of the ecumenical thought led researchers to find some early voices in the previous centuries, even as early as in the 15th—16th c. However, there are Oriental sources which witness to a much earlier formation of the ecumenical paradigm of the ecclesiological thought, typologically corresponding to that developed in the 20th c. In the Golden Age of Medieval Muslim culture under the Abbasid caliphate, an ecumenical position is witnessed to by some Middle Eastern Christian authors. In their works, the main Christian denominations are not polemically presented as opposed to each other, but on the contrary, the essential unity of various Christian beliefs is emphasized, and the ways the main Christian communities follow are claimed to be equal in value. The present study uses the Medieval Arabic sources to demonstrate that the history of the ecumenical thought should be corrected by supplying a chapter on the Medieval Eastern period of the history.
A historian of Western Medieval history by training and a religious philosopher by vocation, Lev Platonovich Karsavin (1882–1951) explored the interconnectedness of history and religion throughout his life. He developed his ideas focusing on the notions of theophany and theosis, where the divine revealed itself in history and history moved towards divinization. Karsavin’s writings reflected influences of such diverse thinkers as Nicolas of Cusa, Bonaventure and Angela of Foligno, or Vladimir Soloviev and Oswald Spengler. Building upon their ideas, Karsavin created an original philosophy of personalism, which was based on the concept of ‘all-unity’. Central to it was the idea of the ‘person’ both as an individual and a collective entity. This chapter examines Karsavin’s life and thought, first in pre-revolutionary St. Petersburg, through the experiences during the Russian Revolution, during his exile in Berlin, Paris, and Kaunas, and finally to his incarceration in Stalin’s Gulag camp where he was sent after the end of the Second World War and where he perished. It pays close attention to a number of crucial points of Karsavin’s intellectual odyssey including the impact of the revolution on Karsavin’s thought, the development of his concept of ‘all-unity’, his historiosophy, his engagement with ecumenism as well as his involvement with Eurasianism. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the rediscovery of Karsavin’s philosophical legacy in post-Soviet Russia.
Mağmū‘ uṣūl ad-dīn wa-masmū‘ maḥṣūl al-yaqīn ("Summa of the foundations of religion and what has been heard of reliable knowledge") – a comprehensive treatise of Mu’taman ibn al-‘Assāl, a Coptic author of the 13th century, contains a synopsis of the "Book of the concordance in faith" (section 4 of the eighth chapter of the "Summa"). The author of the "Book" is there indefinitely referred to as "Elias, Metropolitan of Jerusalem,.. and also it was said that he was ‘Alī ibn Dāūd". The "Book" is known in two recensions, and its textual history is discussed in the article, so that the author of the work has been undoubtedly defined. The discussed treatise is a work of an ecumenically minded author on the main denominations of Eastern Christianity.
The article is dedicated to historical analysis of crimes committed on securities market till the 20th century. Important part of the article is indication of economic conditions. Thanks for it the meaning of legal acts becomes clear. The author concludes on existence the developed securities market and necessary criminal rules to its protection.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/