Психологические причины коррупции: роль тревоги
This study is devoted to answering two questions: (1) does individuals’ worries and suffering correlate with the acceptability of corruption for them; (2) does this correlation differ by countries with various levels of corruption? We focus on analyzing the correlation between macro and micro worries with the acceptability of corrupt behavior for individuals. This study is based on data of the 6th wave’ World Value Survey. We identified three groups of countries depending on the corruption perception index: countries with low levels of corruption (Australia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Singapore, Sweden), countries with medium levels of corruption (Belarus, China, South Korea, Malaysia, Romania), and countries with high levels of corruption (Russia, Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Thailand). For the purposes of our analysis, we used structural equation modeling. It was found, that macro and micro worries have significant relationship with the acceptability of corruption. Our analysis showed that the more people worry about themselves or their family, the more they accept corruption. People who worry about society are more likely to disapprove of corruption. However, the significance of these links vary depending on countries’ group — countries with high, medium or low corruption. For countries with low levels of corruption the correlation was significant only for link between microworries and the acceptability of corruption; for countries with a high level of corruption – only for link between macroworries and the acceptability of corruption; for countries with middle level of corruption and also for Russia the acceptability of corruption are significant correlated with both micro- and macroworries.