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Article

Мяо Боин - первая китайская коммунистка (к 100-летию коммунистической партии Китая)

Аринчева Д. А., Панцов А. В.

At the end of July 1921, when thirteen Chinese supporters of Bolshevism gathered for their first congress, they proclaimed the formation of the Communist Party of China. They represented seven Chinese communist cells operating in Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou, Wuhan, Changsha, Jinan, and Tokyo, as well as the most authoritative leader of the Chinese communist movement, Chen Duxiu (1879-1940), who failed to attend the congress and sent a deputy in his place. At that time, the newly formed party had 58 members. And among them-only two women, including the twenty-two-year-old student of the Beijing Higher Women's Pedagogical Institute Miao Boying (1899-1929), the first of the Chinese women who joined the communist movement in early November 1920. An active propagandist of Bolshevik ideas and one of the most talented organizers of the women's and workers ' revolutionary movement in China, she lived a short but eventful life, giving all her strength to the cause of the liberation of China. The upcoming anniversary of the CCP is a worthy date to pay tribute to its memory.