«Средневековье» и «модерность»? Две необходимые иллюзии в контексте вопроса о «национальном»
This polemical article treats the issue, whether discourses of ethnonational identity of political communities emerged, in fact, in the modern period, as it is frequently claimed under the impact of “constructionists” in the area of “nationalism studies”. Or they got formed in Middle Ages already? Evidence from the French medieval culture allows to insist that ideologists in the epoch of the French 1789 revolution shared mental constructions which originated in Middle Ages. In this respect “modernity” remains “medieval”, and difference between both turns out to be very illusive.