Измерение креативности и критического мышления в начальной школе
The article analyzes the forms and means of broadcast to the pupils of moral norms of care. Compared with Soviet times, in post-Soviet textbooks representation of the norms of "care" increased and gender accents in its representation changed. In modern textbooks traditional gender model restored, and the main subject of care become a woman.
The article deals with the integration of information and communication and intellectual technologies of information processing, the use of study of systems analysis and TRIZ, which become powerful tools in the study of all the other disciplines, allow the development of a broad interdisciplinary connections, going beyond the narrow boundaries of "properly informatics".
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.