Факторы, влияющие на проекцию пресуппозиций в чувашском языке: Экспериментальное исследование
The paper considers semantic structure of emotion causatives and their interaction with negation, namely, its narrow or wide scope. Emotion causatives are defined as a group of causatives with their specific semantic properties that distinguish them from other groups of causatives. One of those properties concerns their relation with corresponding decausatives, which, unlike causatives, do not license wide scope of negation. There are several factors that enable negation to have scope over the causative element in emotion causatives – their imperfective aspect, generic referential status of the causative NP phrase, agentivity and conativity of the causative. Non-agentive causatives never license the negation of the causative component. Agentive conative causatives license the negation of the causative component more frequently and easily than agentive non-conative causatives, prompting the assumption that in their semantic structures the causative component has different statuses (assertion in the former, presupposition in the latter). It also has different forms for conatives and non-conatives. Conativity vs. non-conativity of emotion causatives is related to the emotion type, with conative synthetic causatives being limited to basic emotions. The greatest degree of conativity and, hence, the assertive status of the causative component characterizes three emotion causatives – zlit’ ‘to make mad’, veselit’ ‘to cheer up’, and pugat’ ‘to frighten’.
Key words: causative, decausative, agentive, conative, intentional, presupposition, assertion, semantic structure, basic emotions
The aim is to consolidate the theoretical knowledge in areas of "Digital circuit engineering", "Triggers", "State Table". In this manual describes the features of the organization work with a stand UM-11, display elements and control stand. The classification of types of triggers, a description of the principle of operation of triggers, their comparison, the procedure of making the state table and timing diagram of switching. At the end of the laboratory work the student must have an idea of to be able to explain the obtained simulation results for their version of the task and to answer questions on the topic.
The actual value of shares in the company in most is determined on the basis of the examination. The author casts doubt on the legality of such practices. Based on the result of the analysis of the legislation and judicial acts, the author proposes to use another mechanism in determining the need for the examination. The examination for this category of disputes as to the position of de lege lata, and from a position of de lege ferenda possible only if the claimant have denied the presumption of validity of the balance sheet data.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.