Подходы к измерению теневой цены индивидуальных каналов мобильности по заработной плате
The article is devoted to modeling the level of long term wages changes expectations of employees, depending on events in their life or in society (channels of wage mobility) which are caused the corresponding expectations. The shadow price of different wage mobility channels is calculated. Shadow price is considered as a cost for the state and society caused by social expectations of the channels profitability. Two approaches to measuring the shadow price are proposed when shadow price recognized: (a) as a societal characteristic that reflects the gap between the expectations associated with the use of certain mobility channels and the basic (minimum) level of social expectations in society or (b) as a characteristic that means the difference between individual wage expectations and the prediction of wages based on the minimum individual life chances on the labor market. We consider channels of wage mobility with internal and external locus of expectations' formation (individual changes vs. changes in the macro environment) and with the source of changes determined by individual activity or the natural course of events (intentional vs. inertial changes). We are also focusing on the wage mobility channels that reflect the social expectations of realizing the "protective" policy by the state. The calculations are based on data of mass survey conducted in May-June 2018 using national representative quota sample.
This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation under Grant number 16-18-10270.
This chapter analyzes the transmedia strategies of opposition candidate Alexey Navalny’s campaignduring the 2013 Moscow mayoral election. The goal is to highlight how the use of information and com-munication technology contributed to the development of democratic practices in Russia. His westernized,grassroots political campaign was a novelty in the country, involving online fundraising, door-to-doorcanvassing, engagement of volunteers, digital projects, and meetings with voters, for instance. The argu-ment is that, although Navalny lost the election, his candidacy represented advancement in terms of boththe use of new media and the promotion of democratic development in the midst of autocratic Russia. If the progress will be maintained, it remains to be seen. The theoretical framework includes the realityof the Russian political scenario and the conceptualization of transmedia storytelling strategies in thecontext of participatory politics. The methodological approach is based on the transmedia analyticalmodel by Gambarato (2013).
This chapter discusses the impact of transmedia campaigns aimed at achieving a certain level of government policy change. Transmedia campaigns comprise a series of coordinated activities and organized efforts designed to achieve a social, political, or commercial goal by means of multiple media platforms. The Great British Property Scandal and Food, Inc. transmedia campaigns are considered to introduce the argument that this kind of multiplatform campaigning can actually produce concrete results in the political sphere. Moreover, this chapter focuses on the in-depth analysis of the transmedia strategies of the Fish Fight campaign to demonstrate how exactly transmedia strategies collaborate to influence policy change. The research findings point to the effective role of transmedia storytelling strategies in raising awareness in the political sphere through public participation in supporting relevant issues, influencing policy change.
The evolution of scientific views of the problem of social mobility illustrates the complexity of analyzing mobility in a context of social change, but also shows the societal benefits of a meritocratic principle of social selection.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.