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Article

Транспортная мобильность населения в РФ: текущее состояние и пути развития

Баженов М. Б., Демин А. С.

Transport mobility in the Russian Federation is one of the key development directions provided by the
Transport Strategy until 2030. This reason is that high level of transport mobility affects the overall socio-
economic development of the country. At the same time, the transport mobility development in Russia is
regionally uneven. In this regard, it is necessary to propose an approach, that will make possible
systematic solving of the transport mobility developing challenges that the country's transport
infrastructure faces.
The article describes the main factors that influenced the development of the population transport
mobility indicators in 2019, the main problems and challenges that the country transport system is facing,
a number of examples and academic sources from modern and historical world practice that show the
importance of transport mobility for economic development, the experience of countries similar to Russia
in terms of economic and geographical location. Based on that experience, a systematic approach is
proposed, aimed at linking the country's transport system global development goals and the local context
of the transport infrastructure facilities formation. Based on two modern examples of the transport system
development in Russia, a conclusion about the relevance of using the approach in transport planning is
drawn.