Конституционная политическая экономия по Хайеку: конфликт между демократией и либерализмом
This paper analyzes the constitutional political economy of Friedrich von Hayek on the basis of the well-known contradiction between democracy and liberalism. It is alleged that Hayek at about the same time as researchers from the school of public choice developed the concept of failures of a democratic state, which remains relevant to nowadays. A draft constitutional structure developed by Hayek is considered, which is aimed at reducing the influence of electoral democracy in order to preserve a free society. It is shown that Hayek was one of the first to pay attention to formal and informal institutions (moral principles) and showed the decisive role of the latter for the characteristics of the conflict between democracy and liberalism.