«Долго-долго смотрел на неё»: эротическое и идеологическое в визуальной метафорике рассказа Глеба Успенского «Выпрямила»
The article is less concerned with the literary projections of Gleb Uspensky’s personal characteristics (such as his ideological views and mental health problems), and more so with the space of meaning, within which this individual took shape and narrated. At the center of attention is the story “Straightened” (1885), which is accumulation of experiences of development of a new identity, the negative culmination of which is Dissociative Identity Disorder and writers’ block. At the same time, the system of imagery in the story is not looked as potentially schizophrenic; rather, it is more about the tendency toward metaphorization, which was growing in the writers’ work and which was only indirectly dependent on the processes occurring in his psyche. The three female images in “Straightened” are analyzed in the article as visual metaphors that translate not only ideological but also mythological and even metaphysical meanings. This trend to “think by images” is supported by organic evolution of Uspensky’s literary work and is thus only indirectly related to his progressing mental disease. Also of interest are texts from the cycles “Like It or Not (Fragments from Tiapushkin’s notes)” and “Some Conversations with Friends (on the Subject of the Power of the Soil)” and the novel “Enough” by Ivan Turgenev.