Гражданско-правовая ответственность образовательных организаций за качество обучения: невыносимый парадокс
At first glance, it seems that a student should be able to bring bad teachers to tort liability in the same way that a bad doctor, lawyer, or plumber can be brought to justice. However, there are insurmountable practical obstacles along the way.
It is almost impossible for a judge considering a student's tort claim against an educational institution to measure the real value of the knowledge that the teacher transmits to the student. Not to mention the fact that it is very difficult for the judge to determine whether the teacher's negligence or the student's laziness is the reason for the poor preparation.
As a result, courts, both American and Russian, almost never satisfy tort claims brought in connection with the quality of training. The exception is cases when it is a direct violation of the written law regulating its activities by an educational institution.
Both the United States and Russia rely on administrative mechanisms rather than civil lawsuits to regulate educational activities. Unfortunately, these mechanisms also have their drawbacks.
The article discusses the issue of civil liability of educational organizations for the quality of education with an illustration of the judicial practice of the United States and Russia.
The research work presents an analysis of the educational demands of middle managers of the modern University, as well as the motives of their occurrence. The practical importance of the results of the study/is to solve the problems of management accounting of the effectiveness of professional interactions of managers in the transition to the project activity to obtain additional resources for the development of the educational organization The study of factors and motives of formation of qualification deficits of managers of the University, which contributes to the solution of problems of management accounting efficiency of professional interactions of managers in the transition to the project activity.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/