ПОНЯТИЙНЫЙ АППАРАТ СОВРЕМЕННОЙ ПРАВОСЛАВНОЙ МИССИОЛОГИИ
The content of modern Orthodox Missiology is largely determined by its conceptual apparatus. Despite the fact that the development of Orthodox Missiology covers a relatively short period in the modern history of the Russian Orthodox Church, the process of forming missiological terminology is at a stage that allows it to become the subject of scientific research. At the moment, more than 50 concepts are regularly used in missiological discourse. This is evidence of the level of development achieved and speaks of the creative nature of the development of missiology as an independent section of Orthodox systematic theology. At the same time, even a preliminary acquaintance with the conceptual apparatus of modern Orthodox missiology reveals a number of problems discussed in this article.
An essential element of missiological research is the systematic and categorical analysis of the basic terminology. Features of the historical genesis of the basic concepts of missiology updated in current discussions dedicated to missionary service. Regulations of the Russian Orthodox Church contain detailed definitions missiological terminology and define the path for further research. The aim of this study is to determine the differences in the concept of «missionary» and «proselytism».
The mission of the Russian Orthodox Church among the indigenous small peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East was historically carried out in the context of solving the accompanying logistics, information, linguistic, apologetic, cultural and anthropological problems. The current situation is characterised by a significant transformation of these problems and the need to rethink the mission’s goals and objectives.The evangelisation of peoples living within the pastoral responsibility of the Moscow Patriarchate has always been an important task and a determining factor in the formation of its canonical territory. The present-day canonical area of the Russian Orthodox Church is constituted primarily by missionaries whose activities always preceded the creation of dioceses.
The article is devoted to the problems of studying the structure of modern orthodox missiology in the system of theological knowledge. For much of its recent history, orthodox missiology has developed as an academic discipline of religious education. The teaching of missiology in theological seminaries was accompanied by a scientific search for its theoretical and methodological status in the system of orthodox theology, its structure, conceptual apparatus, and method. The article discusses the need for a systematic categorical analysis of the current state of missiology as a branch of Orthodox systematic theology. The solution to this problem involves identifying the development vectors of Orthodox missiology. Modern missiology is in the process of becoming an independent branch of Orthodox systematic theology. In this regard, modern Orthodox missiology is characterized by a lack of systematic planning of scientific work. Despite this, Orthodox missiology has significant potential for development in certain areas. The article analyzes the structure of modern Orthodox missiology. It is noted that the presence of a certain structure of missiology as an independent branch of Orthodox systematic theology indicates a certain level of self-organization achieved in the development process. In this respect, missiology has the fundamental experience of structuring, on the basis of which further development in the direction of additional systematization is possible. Recent scientific research has determined that missiology is a theological discipline. The task of updating the teaching of missiology in accordance with the newly obtained results is once again on the agenda.
The article considers the Views of L. N. Tolstoy not only as a representative, but also as a accomplisher of the Enlightenment. A comparison of his philosophy with the ideas of Spinoza and Diderot made it possible to clarify some aspects of the transition to the unique Tolstoy’s religious and philosophical doctrine. The comparison of General and specific features of the three philosophers was subjected to a special analysis. Special attention is paid to the way of thinking, the relation to science and the specifics of the worldview by Tolstoy and Diderot. An important aspect is researched the contradiction between the way of thinking and the way of life of the three philosophers.
Tolstoy's transition from rational perception of life to its religious and existential bases is shown. Tolstoy gradually moves away from the idea of a natural man to the idea of a man, who living the commandments of Christ. Starting from the educational worldview, Tolstoy ended by creation of religious and philosophical doctrine, which were relevant for the 20th century.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.