Factors Involved in miRNA Processing Change Its Expression Level during Imitation of Hypoxia in BeWo b30 Cells
One of the main complications of pregnancy and causes of maternal and perinatal mortality is preeclampsia. The pathophysiology of preeclampsia is associated with the development of placenta and fetal hypoxia and secretion of a number of effective molecules. The human choriocarcinoma cell line BeWo b30 is often used as a model of the placental barrier. It was shown that oxyquinoline derivatives can mimic hypoxia by suppressing HIF-prolyl hydroxylases and the accumulation of HIF-1α. This effect also leads to a change in the expression of microRNAs and their target genes. However, with hypoxia in cells, not only the level of individual miRNAs but also the ratio of miRNA isoforms (isomiRs) can change, presumably due to inaccuracies in the work of the Drosha and Dicer enzymes. In this work, we showed a change in the expression of the factors involved in the maturation of miRNAs when simulating hypoxia in BeWo b30 cells with an oxyquinoline derivative, which may be one of the causes for the change in the ratio of miRNA isoforms.