Психологические особенности молодых людей, вовлеченных в религиозные и культовые организации через интернет пространство
State University – Higher School of Economics work is devoted to the study of ethnic intolerance predictors. The research is referred to the cross-cultural relations problem area. In the following article a review of studies in the field will be presented and the methodology of investigation will be described, which is purposed to examine the correlations between values, personality factors and ethnic intolerance
Today, despite the elaborate risk management plans, a significant number of projects are not successful. This suggests that risk management cannot be regarded as performing chains of actions in the sequence defined by standards. It is important to take into account the internal and external environment in which risk management will be carried out, that is, to take into account the context of risk management. At the same time, because the external environment cannot be affected by the manager, it is especially important to focus on internal conditions, including the project team risk propensity, which causes its behavior in situations of risk. However, the definition of risk propensity by direct methods is not always possible, due to which there is a need to define this parameter indirectly. The work is dedicated to the identification of the project team member’s specific personality traits, on the basis of which it is possible to make an assumption about the risk propensity. The research identified four psychological types of project team members, varying in their method of decision-making and risk propensity, respondent belonging to one of which can be assumed basing on the data about the level of its self and emotional stability. Using this data, the project manager can form a team with the level risk propensity, which is required in the specific project.
The article is devoted to the features of interpersonal relations and value orientations of young people involved in religious organizations. The approaches to the study of religion, techniques of involvement and the stages of entering into religious organizations are presented. The modern approaches of foreign and domestic scientists on the issue of youth involvement in destructive religious organizations are considered. The features of interpersonal relations and value orientations of young people involved in religious organizations are revealed
The article analyses the connection between professionally relevant personal characteristics of a translator and the conditions of a translation process, the specific character of translation and the functions of a translator. Special attention is given to the co-existence of qualities such as personal neutrality and an active personal and professional attitude to the process of translation.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.
What is the relationship between the mental lexicon and categorization? Many studies show that the names of objects speed up category learning. Our previous experiment demonstrated that the names of an object feature’s location also help while learning rules of categorization. In the present experiment, we evaluated the manifestation of this effect in ontogenesis, having compared the process of development of new concepts in 7- and 9-year-old children. Participants were supposed to learn to distinguish between two groups of aliens by signs on the foot. We varied the location of signs on the silhouette of the foot. In the high nameability condition, signs were located in places on a foot silhouette that were more nameable (e.g., “heel”). In the low nameability condition, signs were located in places without common names (e.g., “Achilles’ tendon”). The category rule included relevant places for signs. We found that 9-year-old participants were more successful in learning new categories in the high nameability condition than in the low nameability condition. However, 7-year-old participants did not demonstrate differences in the two conditions. These results are discussed in relation to the development of the ability to form new categories in the course of ontogenesis.