«Письмо пишу, а вокруг идет бой»: культурные разрывы военного времени.
The article is devoted to the features of the wartime culture. The source was a unique collection of letters from the fronts of World War II, written by political instructor Arkady Georgievich Endaltsev. The war led to the breakdown of familiar cultural models. It is important to understand how, adaptation to new standards occurred on an individual level. For A. Endaltsev, family care practices were a way to bridge cultural gaps. They are reflected in the letters. There, framed by ideologically verified stamps, one can find financial assistance to the family, control over the education of the daughter, the need for a continuous flow of information about the life of the wife and children
This paper examines patterns of support for conservative attitudes toward abortion, divorce, and premarital sex in nine societies of the former Soviet Union. We use the World Values Survey data from Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan collected in 2011–2013 to discuss the reasons of lifestyle intolerance. Using latent class and other multivariate analyzes, we find that the degree of religiosity is a more important predictor of conservative values than is the Islamic cultural legacy. For instance, people in the Christian and very religious countries of Armenia and Georgia are far more likely to condemn sex before marriage or abortion than are Muslims in more secular Kazakhstan. Interestingly, the watershed between the heterogeneous and uniform societies does not coincide with the economic divide as there are rich and poor countries in the sample. Instead, the watershed is best described by the country's degree of religiosity, which may well be an effect of economic development awhile ago rather than at the present time. Latent class analysis suggests that populations are more heterogeneous with regard to attitudes toward abortion, divorce, and premarital sex in Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Ukraine. In Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan, there is more unanimity in reprobation of abortion, divorce, and premarital sex.
This publication presents the results of the analysis of the data of the first wave of the “Generations and Gender” survey in Kazakhstan, carried out in 2018 and commissioned by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan’s Statistics Committee of the Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan with the technical support of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). The information provided will help determine the necessary support for families in the opportunity to have the desired number of children and strengthen inter-generational relations, effectively maintain the quality of life of older people, and identify factors affecting the demographic behaviour of people, including population migration. With the support of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) in Kazakhstan, an international group of experts from the Center for Comprehensive Social Policy Research at the Institute for Social Policy (Moscow, Russian Federation) was involved in analyzing the results of the national survey “Generations and Gender”. The involved international experts have extensive experience in analyzing the “Generations and Gender” databases and developing thematic analytical reports based on a study prepared for the government of the Russian Federation. The publication is intended for a wide audience, including government and political decision makers, representatives of various branches of government, demographers, economists, sociologists, political scientists, business and the scientific community.
The results of the empirical study of the life and family values of spouses in monocultural, interethnic and inter-confessional are presented. It is revealed that different religions of spouses create additional difficulties for interaction in a pair, which are connected not so much with life values, but mostly - with family attitudes. The existence of a common religion in the interethnic couple contributes to greater satisfaction with marriage and greater coherence of the spouses' perceptions about their relationship.
The article presents results of family values’ study among Russian teenagers. Also such emotionally-regulative characteristics as spontaneous and reactive aggressiveness, irritability, steadiness, shyness are analyzed. These personality traits are examined as predictors of rejection of family values among teenagers. Authors use data of global research, which was done among high school students from eight regions of Russia in 2016. Subject of our analysis are data of social questionnaire and multi-factor personal questionnaire FPI. Due to results of research, positive attitude to family values was diagnosed. Most of teenagers want to create a family, think, that family is basis of state and agree with necessary to prepare person for creation family, training family values. However, most of teenagers have positive attitude to civil marriage and permit childbirth out of marriage. So, we can see two different lines: preservation of family values from one side, and forming liberal position from another side. Analysis of regression models presents, that emotionally-regulative characteristics, such as spontaneous aggressiveness, irritability and steadiness, are predictors of rejection of family values. Aggressive and unstable teenager forms negative attitude to family values. Nevertheless, more irritable teenagers have more positive attitude to this values, than others do. Perhaps, youngsters would like to feel themselves more comfortable in their own future family, than with parents.
In modern Russia, the discourse on the value of family and family life in the system of life values of Russians, the role of family in the formation of personality and upbringing of children is relevant. The strategy of forming the desired family model becomes an integral part of the family and demographic policy. The article presents the results of a sample study in the framework of the project "development of the methodology of statistical evaluation of demographic security in the context of globalization", conducted in 2016. The survey data demonstrate the mosaic of views of Russians on the desired family model and suggest that among Russians do not find many supporters of the position that characterize the traditional family with clearly established Patriarchal family roles. The use of statistical analysis methods allowed to identify groups of characteristics that reflect traditional and modern family values. There are different views of the family life model in society and effective family policy should take this diversity into account.
The paper presents the results of the empirical study, which has been conducted with the aim to analyze the differences in life and family values and their interactions between the spouses from cross-cultural and monocultural couples. The sample of the study consists of 330 persons, including 85 cross-cultural Arab — Russian couples (170 persons), living in Russia, and 80 monocultural couples (160 persons).The main methods were S. Schwartz’ “Value Survey”, “Test of Attitudes to Family Life” by Yu. Alyoshina, L. Gozman, & E. Dubovskaya, «Marital Role Expectations and Aspirations” by A.N. Volkova, “Marital Satisfaction Test” by V. Stolin, T. Romanova, & G. Butenko.It was revealed that the persons from cross-cultural and monocultural marriages have different life and family values hierarchies, besides, they realize their life values in family life differently. In cross-cultural marriages the spouses see the opportunities for their normative life goals realizing in the family, especially in its psychotherapeutic and parental spheres, as well as in social activity outside the family. But in their real day-to-day activities, they do not always manage to realize their life goals in the family sphere, probably because of the difficulties in interacting with their social environment, which can come from the fact that their families are more enclosed, which in turn leads to a decrease of marital satisfaction. In the cross-cultural spouses’ representations, the collectivist values are more related to family functioning, but individualistic values such as hedonism and power are perceived as incompatible with the successful functioning of the family.