Местное судопроизводство и правоприменение в Новгороде Великом конца XVI — начала XVII в.
Legal practice in Muscovite local centers before the Law Code of 1649 has been poorly studied. This article uses comparative analysis to study two groups of sources about the legal process and law enforcement in Novgorod the Great in late 16th – early 17th century. The first source is a record book of deeds of Novgorod Court Office (1584-1605). It was created between two major crises that affected Muscovy during this period. The second group of sources encompassed account books of Novgorod Court fees, composed between 1611 and 1615. These books belonged to the lower level of justice, the City Court of Novgorod. The comparative analysis of these sources shows the complicated hierarchy of legal instances. During the Time of Troubles, the hierarchy became simpler. The courts were ruled by both coded and customary law: the existing codes (Sudebniks) did not cover all the diversity of legal cases.