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Article

Лонгитюдное исследование субъективного благопо­лучия в школе у учащихся младших классов

Канонир Т., Куликова (Пономарева) А. А., Орел Е. А.

The article describes the results of the study of subjective well-being dynamics among primary school students. We consider well-being as a complex construct, which includes satisfaction with school, affect towards school, hostility, and collaboration with peers, and subjective physical well-being. We use the data of the two measures from the same students of 3rd and 4th grade from one of the Russian cities. We show that the level of subjective well-being decreases from the age of 9 to the age of 10 on all subscales, except the relationship with peers subscale and the subjective physical well-being subscale. We also found the gender differences: the boys are less satisfied with school, face the hostility more often and experience more negative emotions than girls. The results are consistent with the previous studies and give more specific information on what is happening with subjective well-being at an early age because most of the previous studies of the well-being in the school context use adolescents as a sample.