Достоинство личности как личная собственность: Метаморфоза российских законов о порочащих сведениях
This article examines the history of Russian laws protecting citizens’ dignity and honor. Pre-revolutionary Russian legal scholars assumed that ethical dignity could not be legally protected because it was not contingent on social esteem: it could be tarnished only by the bearer himself. But when the Moral Codex of the Builder of Communism outlined the norms of morality, the law extended its protection to citizens’ ethical dignity, among their other immaterial personal values. The Moral Codex disappeared after the Soviet collapse, but the legal protection of “honor and dignity” remained: today, the law defines dignity as a “moral-legal category,” determined by commonly accepted social standards.