Баланс сил между США и РФ (в оценках американских исследователей)
The American political and academic elite holds inconsistent views on the balance of power between the United States and Russia. On the one hand, Russia is seen as a former great power that is in irreversible socio-economic decline, which sooner or later should lead to a reduction of Russia's presence in the international arena. On the other hand, American circles are increasingly concerned about the strengthening of Russian positions in the world in recent years, and even about Russian interference in the internal affairs of leading Western countries. It is difficult to reconcile the thesis of a country in decline with that one of the ubiquitous Russian threat. Apparently, this inconsistency is explained not only by the imperfection of adopted in the United States methodology of assessment of the Russian (and not only Russian) capabilities, but also by perceptions deeply rooted in the minds of the American elite of the US and Russia’s place in the modern system of international relations. One can state a huge gap between the United States and the Russian Federation in terms of the scale of their military and political ambitions. The US claims to be the "only superpower", being the only country in the world capable of projecting its conventional military power on a global scale. Modern Russia, unlike the Soviet Union, is not a global superpower. The Russian Federation positions itself as a great power that seeks to protect and ensure its interests in the international arena – but does not seek, unlike the USSR (and the modern United States), to remake the world in its own image. Naturally, the policy of protecting the national interests of even such a large country as Russia does not require the same extensive expenditures and expenses as the policy of inspiring the world proletarian (or, alternatively, liberal) revolution. The view of Russia as a "bully and troublemaker" (and not as a "normal" country that has the right to defend its national and state interests) will continue, as we believe, to cause a distorted perception of the real capabilities and intentions of the Russian Federation.
The author predicts geopolitical development of the world in the next decade. One of the main charges which globalization faces is that it widens the gap between developed and developing countries and thus dooms the latter to backwardness. The article shows that the real situation is opposite. The author argues that it is just globalization that makes developing countries develop faster than developed ones; the World System core is weakening, while its periphery is strengthening. He explains why globalization would have inevitably caused rapid upsurge of many developing countries and weakening of developed ones. In the coming decade the tendency to convergence of the core and the periphery’ development levels is going to grow. This convergence is a necessary condition for a new technological revolution
If a power wishes to subdue a region, what can it do? Order its armies to annex it? Carve up the region into parts that are subsequently ruled by different great powers, or create new principalities as a tool for indirect power influence? Why not use ideology and economic strength to rule that same region instead? The volume demonstrates how the European powers of the 16 th - 19 th centuries oscillate between these different stances in their attitude towards the Balkans, at the same time leaving enough space for the smaller regional players - states and individuals alike - to exercise their local power and influence.
The development of modern economic relations has led to the fact that the impact of tangible assets on the market value of a company has decreased significantly and stepped back to intangible assets, which determine the intellectual capital of the economic entity. It is intangible assets that allow you to gain competitive advantages and ensure long-term development in a dynamic environment. This article reviews a method that will allow performing the assessment of such a specific intangible asset as intellectual capital by determining the economic potential of a company. In turn, the proposed approach is able to quantify this parameter, as well as its components: relational, organizational and human capital. To determine the economic potential of a company, the author proposes using the income approach, which is the sum of the net produced values of investment projects most preferred for implementation, as well as the residual value of the economic entity at the end of the accounting period. Depending on business branch, the proposed method will take into account the totality of all external and internal factors influencing the analyzed company and its economic potential, which will help to create new opportunities and development alternatives for both the long-term and the short-term. Modern management should seek to develop the intellectual capital and prevent its leakage to ensure the growth of company productivity. Practical implementation of this methodology will allow management to more rationally form a company development strategy and take into account the existing shortcomings for their elimination. We will consider the essence of intellectual capital as a set of intangible resources that ensures the creation of added value and unique competitive advantages of a corporation in a selected market segment. While considering the intellectual capital, it is necessary to analyze its 3 components: relational, human and organizational capital. The problems, which arise in the quantitative assessment of separate components of intellectual capital lies in the impossibility of classifying a particular intangible asset to a specific type of capital. It is also impossible to assess the impact of a particular constituent on intellectual capital as a whole, since they create the necessary competitive advantages for a company only in complex. The study proposes to obtain a quantitative assessment of intellectual capital based on the analysis of economic potential of a company. © 2019 Academic Conferences Limited. All rights reserved.
The given chapter is dedicated to the potential of Russia-ROK economic relations
In the article national dignity and Russian national patrimony essence and importance are analyzed as the source of economic potential and civilized development of the country, as citizens material and spiritual prosperity factor, their moral development, as well as important objects of criminal protection. The ways of perfection the criminal legislation and jurisprudence in corresponding spheres of criminal policy are suggested.
The article deals with the relationship of business and government through the various aspects of the conflict interaction. The author analyses border state of relationship between business and power, factors and possible solutions of conflict situations. The author makes an assumption that development of social relations in general can lead to transformation of inefficient system of relationships between business and power.
This article analyzes the national dignity and national heritage of the country as priority targets criminal legal protection, displayed their structure, content, place in the system of protected criminal law values; description of the relevant rules of criminal law; defines reserves improvement.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.
This special publication for the 2012 New Delhi Summit is a collection of articles by government officials from BRICS countries, representatives of international organizations, businessmen and leading researchers.
The list of Russian contributors includes Sergei Lavrov, Foreign Minister of Russia, Maxim Medvedkov, Director of the Trade Negotiations Department of the Russian Ministry of Economic Development, Vladimir Dmitriev, Vnesheconombank Chairman, Alexander Bedritsky, advisor to the Russian President, VadimLukov, Ambassador-at-large of the Russian Foreign Affairs Ministry, and representatives of the academic community.
The publication also features articles by the President of Kazakhstan NursultanNazarbayev and internationally respected economist Jim O’Neil, who coined the term “BRIC”. In his article Jim O’Neil speculates about the future of the BRICS countries and the institution as a whole.
The publication addresses important issues of the global agenda, the priorities of BRICS and the Indian Presidency, the policies and competitive advantages of the participants, as well as BRICS institutionalization, enhancing efficiency and accountability of the forum.