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Article

Контроль суда за распорядительными действиями сторон

Dispositive actions of the parties (waiver of claim, recognition of the claim, settlement agreement) are subject to court control, namely verification of compliance with the law. Dispositive actions of the parties have different legal nature and therefore the approach of the court to such verification should be different. The plaintiff’s waiver of claim should be checked only for compliance with the procedural law, while the recognition of the claim and the settlement agreement — both procedural and material. The criteria for such differentiation are the features of the legal force of judicial acts, which are based on the dispositive actions of the parties. A check for compliance with procedural law presupposes that the court determines whether the party freely formed a desire to take an dispositive action, whether it was adequately expressed, whether the party understands the consequences of such dispositive action. Verification of compliance with the material law of the recognition of a claim or a settlement agreement concluded involves an ex officio determination by the court whether the transaction underlying the said dispositive actions is invalid, regardless of whether it can be considered null and void or voidability.