Предпринимательская активность в России и ее межрегиональные различия
The paper analyses the dynamics of business activity of the Russian population from
2005 to the present time, as well as persistent differences in its level between different groups of Subjects
of the Russian Federation basing on the statistics of small and medium-sized enterprises and business
statistics. It is shown that in Russia, there were three types of regions with specific sets of factors that contribute
to and hinder the development of entrepreneurial activity of the population before to the shock
macroeconomic changes associated with the coronavirus pandemic, namely, (а) six subjects of the RF
favorable conditions, as well as two roughly equal large groups of (b) regions with a low level of investment
activity and (c) regions with high levels of socio-economic disadvantages. A set of factors that act as
predictors or limitations for entrepreneurial activity in these different groups are analyzed. The authors
suggest that due to the shock economic changes under the coronavirus pandemic, the last two groups
will almost merge according to the conditions and factors of entrepreneurial activity, while the factors
that are important for starting business activities in the first group of regions will significantly weaken.
Taking into account the above differences, two approaches to promoting entrepreneurial activity for
different groups of regions are proposed — «involving» for six subjects of the Russian Federation with a
relatively developed ecosystem of entrepreneurship and «pushing» for the majority of the rest of them.