Сострадание к себе как адаптивное свойство личности
In the study self-compassion is proposed to consider in terms of its role in the adaptation of a person, understood as the maintenance of psychological well-being and functionality in different life situations. Another ultimate goal was to adapt the Fears of compassion scale to assess the level of compassion, as at present no such methods adapted to Russian-speaking culture exist. At the first stage of the study, the primary psychometric development and validation of the main research tool was carried out. At the second stage of the study, the hypotheses were tested if self-compassion is 1) positively related to psychological well-being and authenticity of the individual; 2) negatively related to symptomatic (not clinical) depression. 289 respondents (N = 289; 232 – female, 57 – male) participated in the research. The Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), Fears of Compassion Scale, the Authenticity Scale, and the Warwick-Edinburgh Psychological Well-Being Scale were used. Fears of Compassion Scale has demonstrated the high scores of validity and reliability, but its factor structure was not confirmed. A modified version of the questionnaire, suitable for Russian-speaking culture, was developed. It also shows that self-compassion is positively associated with psychological well-being and authenticity of an individual, while fear of self-compassion is combined with depressive symptoms. It is concluded that self-compassion is an adaptive feature of the person, which improves a person's interaction with him- or herself and with the world and allows maintaining the integrity of the Self and the quality of life in different life situations.