Совершенствование подходов к оценке государственных проектов доступной среды. Кейс-стади
This article addresses the development of an integrated approach to assessing the effectiveness of state projects for all types of accessibility (physical, transport, time, information) of environment for the disabled in all directions from the point of view of citizens (rendering state and municipal services and vital activity, categories of disability).
The work presents theoretical foundations of the concepts "efficiency of state projects", "accessible environment"; the analysis of theoretical approaches to the evaluation of state projects’ effectiveness; the practice of implementing state projects on an accessible environment in the Perm region; the efficiency indicators of the realized state projects of an accessible environment for low-mobility groups in the Perm region; problems of assessing the success of state projects; the integrated approach to assessing the effectiveness of state projects; the comparative analysis of the evaluation of state projects implementation by public authorities on the one hand, and organizations of the disabled, on the other.
Drawing on the results of the analysis, we may conclude that there are significant differences in evaluating the implementation of state accessibility projects due to functional and organizational reasons.
The authors have developed the directions of improving the organization of an accessible environment for low-mobility citizens, such as provision of direct interaction between public organizations of the disabled and public authorities, development of a unified construction concept of accessibility formation, improving the mechanisms for conducting inspections, monitoring and regulatory and legal frameworks in the field of accessibility of the environment.