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Article

От «заводской» до «мигрантской» школы: (пост)советская школьная сегрегация в городском пространстве

The article discusses the emergence of “migrant” schools in post-Soviet cities. On the basis of extensive fieldwork in the schools of the Moscow regions and Tomsk, the author shows that children of labor migrants usually attend schools that in the Soviet period were oriented toward teaching children from low-status families. As a rule, these schools are located in residential districts which were seen as working class in the Soviet era and had an unofficial “marginal” status in the city. In post-Soviet times, these schools began to enroll children with disabilities and those from socially disadvantaged families not only from the district, but also from the city at large. According to research, it is these schools, which have retained since Soviet times the status and reputation of catering to children from low-status families, that host migrant children today. Such schools are attended not only by children from their immediate neighborhood, but also from other districts in the city, as other educational institutions often refuse to enroll migrant children. The emergence of these “migrant” schools results from informal strategies of school administrations, as well as of parents, both “local” and migrant.