От «заводской» до «мигрантской» школы: (пост)советская школьная сегрегация в городском пространстве
The article discusses the emergence of “migrant” schools in post-Soviet cities. On the basis of extensive fieldwork in the schools of the Moscow regions and Tomsk, the author shows that children of labor migrants usually attend schools that in the Soviet period were oriented toward teaching children from low-status families. As a rule, these schools are located in residential districts which were seen as working class in the Soviet era and had an unofficial “marginal” status in the city. In post-Soviet times, these schools began to enroll children with disabilities and those from socially disadvantaged families not only from the district, but also from the city at large. According to research, it is these schools, which have retained since Soviet times the status and reputation of catering to children from low-status families, that host migrant children today. Such schools are attended not only by children from their immediate neighborhood, but also from other districts in the city, as other educational institutions often refuse to enroll migrant children. The emergence of these “migrant” schools results from informal strategies of school administrations, as well as of parents, both “local” and migrant.
Globalization at the end of the 20th and the beginning of the 21st centuries and the global population shifts connected with it have led to the formation of the so-called, "negative identity" in many countries, including Russia and the USA. The phenomenon of negative identity is well studied. The social-political boundaries of the manifestation of negative identity are investigated to a less extent. The author gives an attempt to analyze the specificity of Muslim ethnic groups' residency in Russia and the USA.
This book provides a comprehensive overview of the norms and practices of ethnic diversity management in the Russian Federation in the last twenty years. It examines the evolution of the legal framework, the institutional architecture and the policies intended to address the large number of challenges posed by Russia's immense ethno-cultural diversity. It analyses the legal, social and political changes affecting ethno-cultural relations and the treatment of ethnic minorities, and assesses how ethnic diversity both influences and is shaped by transformations in Russian politics and society. It concludes by appraising how successful or otherwise policies have been so far, and by outlining the challenges still faced by the Russian Federation.
In this chapter individual values are considered as person-based predictors of acculturation attitudes. This approach revealed a motivation that underlain a choice of different strategies of intercultural interactions among ethnic minority’ members. Representatives of two generations of Russian ethnic minority in Lithuania participated in the study. Older generation was represented by respondents who were born in the Soviet period. Younger generation was represented by respondents who were born after the collapse of the USSR. The sample consisted of 336 respondents aged from 15 to 84 years: 122 males and 214 females. The hypotheses were tested using structural equation modeling. The key findings of the study were as follows: positive relationship was found between Openness to Change values and integration; negative relationship was found between Self-Enhancement values and assimilation. These results were common among both generations of Russians in the context of Lithuania.
The paper is devoted the problems of the ethnic minority in the world and the specific of their legal status in Russia.
The article traces how the image of the Ainu formed by Japanese intellectuals in 18th and early 19th centuries influenced the formation of Japan’s policy towards this ethnic minority in the Meiji period (1868-1912).
This article presents an overview of the rhetoric and main discourses presented in the sphere of social policy and social services provided in Russia especially with regards to social inclusion of migrants. Inclusion policies in schools for children from migrant families are described and contrasted with lack of developments in police practices. A case study of two social service organizations in one of the regions in Privolzhsky Federal District is presented in order to analyze the micro-level of social policy and to find out whether their practices display inclusive culture.
Tbilisi, a city of over a million, is the national capital of Georgia. Although little explored in urban studies, the city epitomizes a fascinating assemblage of processes that can illuminate the interplay of geopolitics, political choices, globalization discourses, histories, and urban contestations in shaping urban transformations. Tbilisi's strategic location in the South Caucasus, at the juncture of major historical empires and religions in Eurasia, has ensured its turbulent history and a polyphony of cultural influences. Following Georgia's independence in 1991, Tbilisi found itself as the pivot of Georgian nation-building. Transition to a market economy also exposed the city to economic hardship, ethnical homogenization, and the informalization of the urban environment. The economic recovery since the early 2000s has activated urban regeneration. Georgia's government has recently promoted flagship urban development projects in pursuit of making Tbilisi as a modern globalizing metropolis. This has brought contradictions, such as undermining the city's heritage, contributing to socio-spatial polarization, and deteriorating the city's public spaces. The elitist processes of decision-making and a lack of a consistent urban policy and planning regimes are argued to be among major impediments for a more sustainable development of this city.
About us People Research Clusters Regional Offices Programmes Trainings Calendar Pressroom Publications ECMI Kosovo Publications Issue Briefs Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues Reports Working Papers European Yearbook Information Services ECMI in der Grenzregion ECMI Publications Programme The ECMI prepares publications at different stages in our work and with varied aims. Below is a list of our current publications database, and in the left menu there is access to descriptions of our publications. If you have any questions regarding our publications, you are welcome to contact our Librarian Mr. William McKinney directly. Publication Database Autonomy Arrangements around the World: A Collection of Well and Lesser Known Cases Author Levente Salat, Sergiu Constantin, Alexander Osipov, and István Gergő Székely (eds.) Pages 502 ISBN 978-606-8377-30-8 Source Cluj: Romanian Institute for Research on National Minorities Release Date 09-12-2014 Download PDF The volume is edited by Prof. Levente Salat (Political Science Department of Babeş-Bolyai University), Dr. Sergiu Constantin (EURAC), Dr. Alexander Osipov (ECMI) and Dr. István Gergő Székely (Romanian Institute for Research on National Minorities). ECMI is pleased to announce the publication of a new book “Autonomy Arrangements Around the World: the Collection of Well and Lesser Known Cases”. The volume compiles the articles presented at the conference on Autonomy Arrangements organized in Flensburg in September 2012. The conference was organized in collaboration with the Political Science Department of Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, the European Center for Minority Issues, Flensburg, Germany, and the Romanian Institute for Research on National Minorities, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. The European Academy of Bolzano/ Bozen, Italy, joined the partnership at the editing phase of the present volume, contributing in editing and peer review. The initiative aimed to invite scholars, researchers and practitioners to engage in identifying, researching and analyzing as many operational autonomy arrangements as possible in a standard format, with special focus on the lesser-known cases.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.