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  • Мифы о легальной монополии, или сказ о том, почему в России не развиваются инновации при упорной охране интеллектуальной собственности

Article

Мифы о легальной монополии, или сказ о том, почему в России не развиваются инновации при упорной охране интеллектуальной собственности

Закон. 2020. № 2. С. 86-102.

The author explores the three myths on which, much like the myth of three whales, the current regime of intellectual property protection in post-Soviet Russia is based, which primarily serves the interests of transnational monopolies to the detriment of Russian economic and human development, especially in the sphere of startup entrepreneurship and innovation. These are the myths of legal monopoly, of great stimulus and of the benevolent foreign investor. The author shows on the basis of numerous economic research and empirical data that the widely accepted in Russian jurisprudence concept of legal monopoly is just a rhetorical method used to deviate from a meaningful discussion about the detriments brought to the Russian economy by the abnormally hefty exemptions for IP rights in Russian competition law; intellectual property protection is not a panacea for incentivising innovation and creativity, and being fully exempted from the competition law it stifles rather than stimulates innovation; and a overly strict regime for intellectual property protection doesn’t make Russia or any other developing country more attractive for direct foreign investors but on the contrary allows global corporations to extract more resources from the Russian consumers without any efforts to bring more production or R&D to the country.