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Article

Национализация в экономической политике субъектов Федерации (конституционно-правовой аспект)

The article raises the question of improving the legal conditions of the subjects of the Russian Federation in the economic sphere. One of the factors of favorable investment climate is the legal certainty of market institutions. In Russia, the institution of nationalization is enshrined as a tool for solving the economic problems of public authorities and as a guarantee of protection of private property rights. But its legal content and mechanism of implementation are not defined by law. Nationalization is a necessary means of solving important tasks for the economic development of the subjects of the Federation. It ensures the withdrawal of property from inefficient owners to the state to create promising investment projects, new opportunities for the regional market economy. It is shown on a number of examples the need to use nationalization (withdrawal of property of private persons into state ownership) of large industrial complexes. An example of regional nationalization in the new subjects of the Russian Federation (the Republic of Crimea, Sevastopol) is singled out. Recognizing the political and economic necessity of using this institution in this transition period, the ambiguous assessment of the constitutional and legal certainty of the powers of the subjects on this issue is recognized. It is proposed that the Federal legislator solve this problem through the adoption of the Federal law on nationalization, which defines the concept, content and main parameters of the nationalization mechanism. At the same time, to resolve the issue of empowering the subjects of the Federation to regulate certain issues of the nationalization procedure, the definition of nationalized objects necessary for solving the problems of regional economic policy.