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Евросоюз, Китай и Африка: Трехстороннее сотрудничество в сфере безопасности

Костелянец С. В., Денисова Т. С.

The main security problems on the African continent include intrastate conflicts between
certain groups of population over access to natural resources, intercommunity clashes, the spread of Islamic
and Christian terrorism, electoral conflicts and the continuing activity of pirates in the Gulfs of
Aden and Guinea. As the European Union, China and the African countries represented by the African
Union expand their influence on the processes taking place in the world, they also begin to make an increasing
contribution to the establishment of a new multi-polar world and to the growth of the global
economy. This trend is of particular importance in relation to Africa, which until recently was considered
solely as a continent that permanently experiences developmental backwardness and political instability.
So far, EU member states have been the main trade, economic and political partners of African countries,
as well as contributors to UN peacekeeping missions in Africa. However, China’s accent to the status
of a global power and its desire to strengthen its global influence prompts Beijing to become increasingly
involved in solving security problems of the African continent. In addition, China’s cooperation
with African countries, previously described as “decisive non-interference in the internal affairs of partner
countries while safeguarding China’s economic interests”, is undergoing a gradual shift towards Beijing’s
involvement in peacekeeping operations in Africa. While the agreements signed by the People's
Republic of China with African countries remain predominantly economic, the growing dependence of
China in the implementation of its trade and economic interests on the vicissitudes of African politics and,
simultaneously, on the pressure of the world community encourages Beijing to increase its activity on a
global scale and leads to a revision of Chinese approaches to cooperation with this or that particular region.
The participation of European countries in peacekeeping missions under the auspices of the UN has
significantly decreased since the mid-1990s. Against this background, the role of developing countries,
including China, in ensuring security on the African continent has increased. The expansion of security
cooperation in the EU-China-Africa format is largely a European initiative. Although the extent of trilateral
cooperation is still limited, primarily due to a certain discrepancy in China and the EU's approach to
events in Africa, it is nevertheless gradually being established as part of peacekeeping operations, as well
as the fight against piracy and terrorism.