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Regular version of the site
Of all publications in the section: 92
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Article
Stezhenskaya L. Oriens. 2019. No. 1. P. 93-121.

The Literary Mind and the Carving of Dragons (Wen Xin Diao Long) by Liu Xie (465/466– 520/522) overcomes other similar treaties of that time by its size (about 40 thousand characters), by the complexity of the structure, and as well by the depth of working out the issues of literary theory and practice. That’s why the Liu Xie’s literary concept is usually considered as a kind of quintessence of Chinese literary mind of the early Middle Ages. This article is an attempt to challenge this thesis and demonstrate that Liu Xie was far ahead of his time. Analyzing the Liu Xie’s genre concept, the author focuses on two major points. The first is the connection of the genre with categories of a higher or general order, with the notions of traditional Chinese literary types or modes of wen and bi and with the form of artistic speech. The second is the hierarchy of genres specified by the order of their description in the treatise. The author rebuts the idea that Liu Xie divided the literature into wen and bi on the basis of rhyme only. She argues that he considered the сontent of a literary work to be more important than its form for defining its genre.

Added: Nov 15, 2019
Article
Stezhenskaya L.V. Oriens. 2019. No. 1. P. 93-121.

 The Literary Mind and the Carving of Dragons (Wen Xin Diao Long) by Liu Xie (465/466– 520/522) overcomes other similar treaties of that time by its size (about 40 thousand characters), by the complexity of the structure, and as well by the depth of working out the issues of literary theory and practice. That’s why the Liu Xie’s literary concept is usually considered as a kind of quintessence of Chinese literary mind of the early Middle Ages. This article is an attempt to challenge this thesis and demonstrate that Liu Xie was far ahead of his time. Analyzing the Liu Xie’s genre concept, the author focuses on two major points. The first is the connection of the genre with categories of a higher or general order, with the notions of traditional Chinese literary types or modes of wen and bi and with the form of artistic speech. The second is the hierarchy of genres specified by the order of their description in the treatise. The author rebuts the idea that Liu Xie divided the literature into wen and bi on the basis of rhyme only. She argues that he considered the сontent of a literary work to be more important than its form for defining its genre.   

Added: Oct 28, 2018
Article
Костелянец С. В. Oriens. 2018. No. 6. P. 184-198.

The present paper focuses on the phenomenon of the growing military presence of foreign powers in Africa, which in effect is a precursor to the imminent new scramble for the political and economic influence on the continent, and on Russia's prospects for the use of hard power instruments on the African continent in light of this development. After the end of the Cold War, it seemed for some time that Africa would no longer remain a pawn on the global geopolitical chessboard but strive to pursue its own agenda. The advent of the African Union (AU) in 2001, the establishment of the African Standby Force in 2003, and the insistence of the AU on finding “African solutions to African problems” may have raised hopes for the minimization of foreign political and military influence on the continent. Yet since some years later, we have been witnessing rapid militarization by traditional and emerging external powers of Africa's strategic regions, first and foremost of the Horn of Africa, but others as well. Among the countries that have particularly raised their military profile on the continent in recent years are the United States, France, China, the United Arab Emirates and Turkey. The reasons for this phenomenon include not only the ongoing intensification of geopolitical competition on the global and regional scales, but also the inevitable increase in the importance of Africa's resource, human and economic potential within the emerging model of global development. Under the circumstances, with Russia once again laying a claim to be a weighty player on the world stage, it cannot but try to gain a foothold on the continent to augment its global influence, which invites research on the accompanying political, military and economic implications.

Added: Sep 28, 2019
Article
Sudakova Y. Oriens. 2019. No. 2. P. 187-201.

The Republic of Kazakhstan became one of the first members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) that was formed on January 1, 2015.  As a full member this country had to change its legislation in accordance with the EAEU legal acts. This article is devoted to non-tariff measures (NTMs) applied by the Republic of Kazakhstan in the context of the Eurasian economic integration. The importance of NTM research is defined by the fact that excessive regulatory policies may result in decreased growth rates of economy and overall loss of welfare. UNCTAD’s database (TRAINS/WITS database) was used in order to analyze national NTMs. In total 239 national actively applied NTMs were analyzed and systematized. Most of them are either import-related technical measures (Technical barriers to trade - TBT, Sanitary and phytosanitary measures - SPS measures) or export-related technical measures. Together they account for approximately 94.8% of applied national NTMs. In addition to the analysis of NTMs in terms of their type and type of affected product, author revealed the correspondence of Kazakhstan’s national NTMs to basic principles of the World Trade Organization (WTO): most-favored nation (MFN) and national treatment clause. Thus our research determined measures that represent a violation of MFN principle or national treatment clause. So these NTMs may be barriers to trade of the Republic of Kazakhstan with the other countries. Further research of ad valorem equivalents (AVE) of the measures is required in order to determine the economic effects of the non-tariff measures applied by the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Added: Feb 15, 2019
Article
Karpov M. Oriens. 2006. No. 6.

“Vibrant Party or an Empty Shell? Some Comparisons between Former Communist Party of the Soviet Union and Today’s CCP” // “Vostok-Oriens” (JRAS), 2006 № 6

Added: Sep 21, 2015
Article
Нестерова О. А., Солодкова О. Л. Восток. Афро-Азиатские общества: история и современность. 2020. № 5. С. 97-105.

The article analyzes the core values and concepts which underlied the interaction between Russia and India and which reflected friendly and partnering relations between countries and peoples. The article emphasizes that the basic values of the Russian-Indian dialogue that were formed in the mid-50s and continued to develop in the 1960s and 1970s during conditions of tough confrontation between the USA and the USSR. This article, on the example of research documents from the personal archive of the indologist L.V. Mitrokhin, demonstrates how to implement friendly communicative scenarios with representatives of various political and social groups in India. In the book of L.V. Mitrokhin “Friends of the Soviet Union”, reprinted in India in 2020 to the 75th anniversary of the victory over fascism, the origins and development of friendship between the peoples of the USSR and India and the beginning of the formation of a mutual positive image in the mass consciousness are shown. On the basis of the analysis of publications and archive documents L.V. Mitrokhin revealed the features of his interaction with representatives of the state, political and intellectual elites of India, who advocated the priorities of peace and universal values. Authors research subject is the unique phenomenon on introduction of basic key ideas and concepts of official propaganda into the world outlook of the interrelated peoples through works of journalist L.V. Mitrokhin. The journalist considered his main scientific priority to work with original sources and search of irrefutable proofs for reconstruction of historical events. The article analyzes the content of the materials of the magazine “Soviet Land” and other publications, which reflected the theme of the basic values of friendship and interaction between India and the USSR.

Added: Nov 10, 2020
Article
Илюшина М. Ю. Восток. Афро-Азиатские общества: история и современность. 2021. № 1. С. 31-41.

The study explores political struggle and the issue of succession in the Mamluk Sultanate, especially under the Circassian Sultans al-Ashraf Īnāl (1453–1461), al-Muʾayyad Aḥmad (25.02.1461–28.06.1461) and al-Ẓāhir Khushqadam (1461–1467) and elucidates intricacies behind their policy. In the Mamluk Sultanate the transfer of power, especially in the Circassian period (1382–1517), was not determined by the principle of dynastic succession. It is well known that the Circassian sultans did not create a dynasty in the full sense of the word. Most of them tried to hand the power over to their sons, but the rule of such heirs tended to be nominal and short-lived. Those Circassian sultans who did manage to remain in power generally were not lineal descendants of their predecessors. A clearly visible trend in the Circassian succession was that an influential and ambitious amir had a good chance of becoming sultan one day.

An attempt to return to the dynasty idea was made by Sultan al-Ashraf Īnāl. His closest advisers were members of his family. Īnāl’s heir, al-Muʾayyad Aḥmad, continued his father’s policy and excluded Mamluk amirs from political decision-making. Al-Muʾayyad Aḥmad was deposed as a result of the concerted actions of the most numerous and influential factions of the Mamluks. Al-Ẓāhir Khushqadam restored the traditional principles of the formation of the political elite, according to which the sultan himself and his amirs attend their offices by merit rather than inheritance and the council of senior emirs should be the main support of the sultan.

Added: May 10, 2021
Article
Исаев Л. М. Восток. Афро-Азиатские общества: история и современность. 2013. № 3. С. 55-63.
Added: Jun 4, 2013
Article
Крылов А. Ю. Восток. Афро-Азиатские общества: история и современность. 2013. № 1. С. 97 -104.

The article deals with a metaphor as a lexical means of the conceptual emotive category realization in speech, which is one of relevant problems profoundly and thoroughly studied in modern linguistics. The research shows the peculiarity of emotive category reflection in the Arabic Linguistic Tradition, the views of Arab philologists on a metaphor as a performer of the expressive and semantic function in speech, and it also shows the characteristic properties of the representation of emotions with the aid of this trope in Modern Spoken and Written Arabic in different functional styles of speech.

Added: Mar 15, 2014
Article
Дейч Т. Л., Корендясов Е. Н. Восток. Афро-Азиатские общества: история и современность. 2016. № 4. С. 197-204.
Added: May 20, 2021
Article
Дейч Т. Л., Корендясов Е. Н. Восток. Афро-Азиатские общества: история и современность. 2015. № 6. С. 174-180.
Added: May 20, 2021
Article
Шубин В. Г., Корендясов Е. Н. Восток. Афро-Азиатские общества: история и современность. 2007. № 5. С. 118-126.

The creation of a new continental organization - the African Union, - the authors pointed out, opened new prospects for developing Russia's relations with African countries. It became an important step towards the realization of the concept of African unity under present conditions. The study of the basic documents and activities of the AU SUMMARIES OF MAJOR ARTICLES223 proves the commitment of African leaders to unite political and economic forces of the continent. During first years of its existence the African Union made major efforts in formation of its working organs, settlement of conflicts, mobilization of international resources for realization of integration projects. The AU' s main goals and directions of activities are consonant to Russia's aims and priorities on the international arena and on the African continent in particular. Of importance for Russia are co-operation with Africa and its continental organization in the political sphere, especially for countering the attempts of certain forces to isolate Russia, in ensuring of peace and security in Africa, in the filed of natural resources, energy and transport. Co-operation in the field of education and science should receive a new impulse as well. However the work in these directions can be productive, in the authors' opinion, only if some conditions are met: the Russian state and Russian society should take decisive steps to uproot all manifestations of racism, to develop an attitude of respect to Africa and to get rid of paternalism.

Added: May 20, 2021
Article
Лукин А. В., Новиков Д. П. Восток. Афро-Азиатские общества: история и современность. 2019. № 6. С. 173-188.

This article analyzes the development potential of Greater Eurasia and its long-term institutionalization. The authors believe that Greater Eurasia, as a geopo-litical reality, is undergoing a certain transformation. Originally formed as a pole of confrontation under the pressure of American politics and based mainly on the Russian-Chinese strategic partnership, now it is acquiring more and more features of the international community, in which the development agenda prevails. This so far only emerging international community is involving more and more players, expanding its geographic coverage almost throughout the Eurasian continent, which poses new challenges for its participants: overcoming geo-political contradictions, forming a sustainable security architecture and linking potentials for achieving economic growth. The approaches and motives of the main Eurasian powers and the possibilities of their linking in order to build a geopolitically sustainable international community “from Lisbon to Singapore” are examined. This text develops and completes some of the theses presented by the authors in the article “From Greater Europe to Greater Eurasia: what brings the world a fundamental geopolitical shift”, which was published in the previous issue of the journal “Vostok (Oriens)”.

Added: Apr 24, 2020
Article
Дейч Т. Л., Корендясов Е. Н. Восток. Афро-Азиатские общества: история и современность. 2015. № 3. С. 167-172.
Added: May 20, 2021
Article
Коротаев А. В., Зинькина Ю. В. Восток. Афро-Азиатские общества: история и современность. 2017. С. 40-48.
Added: Oct 12, 2017
Article
Коротаев А. В., Зинькина Ю. В. Восток. Афро-Азиатские общества: история и современность. 2017. Т. 4. С. 38-46.
Added: Nov 29, 2017
Article
Костенко В. В., Понарин Э. Д., Стребкова О. Н. Восток. Афро-Азиатские общества: история и современность. 2019. № 2. С. 126-146.

: This paper focuses on transformations of gender attitudes in a set of Arab societies covered by the Arab Barometer. We analyze age and cohort differences in thirteen countries using generalized additive modeling (GAM). We argue that stagnation or even retrogression of gender attitudes revealed by our analysis in some societies may be caused partly by an ideological shift of the 1970sand 1980s, from largely secular and socialist-oriented national movements of the 1950s and 1960s to the more conservative period often associated with the rise of political Islam. On the other hand, the youngest cohorts in those societies that have long promoted conservative gender attitudes are getting somewhat more liberal, although they remain slightly less gender egalitarian compared to other societies.

We test our assumptions using the example of Yemen. The current territory of that country used to exist in 2 separate states between 1967 and 1990: the South supported by the Soviet Union and the North influenced by Saudi Arabia and the Western bloc. We trace the support for gender egalitarianism across generations in the two parts of Yemen and show that the secular socialist ideology made a profound imprint on the attitudes of a whole generation and made those who were in their twenties back in the 1960s more egalitarian than the young people these days. The same is true, to varying extent, for the other countries of the region that had some socialist experience.

Added: Apr 28, 2019
Article
Коротаев А. В. Восток. Афро-Азиатские общества: история и современность. 1995. № 3. С. 18-26.
Added: Mar 8, 2013
Article
Ладынин И. А. Восток. Афро-Азиатские общества: история и современность. 2015. № 5. С. 48-64.

The Tomb of Petosiris at Tuna el-Gebel and its ‘World of Doubles’: An Interpretation of the Monument in the Light of the Egyptian Elite’s Mood of the Early Hellenistic Time.

 

The article shows that the traditional scenes of defunct’s confronting deities in the chapel of the tomb of the priest Petosiris at Tuna el-Gebel near Hermopolis (late 4th century B.C.) are connected exclusively with the posthumous destiny of Petosiris’ relatives that died before him; the decoration of the pronaos that was dedicated to himself was marked with considerable Hellenization and reproduced the archaic model of the “World of Doubles” typical for private tombs of the Third Millennium B.C. Probably Petosiris urged to achieve the posthumous existence according to this model, independently of gods, as he thought it impossible to contact gods effectively in the early Macedonian time, when, in his ideas, there was no ritual sacral ruler in Egypt.

Added: Aug 25, 2018
Article
Бобровников В. О. Восток. Афро-Азиатские общества: история и современность. 2018. № 5. С. 21-36.

The case of a Sufi shrine of the Dagestani origin in Turkey examined in the article relates to the history of shared transnational Sufi networks. The naqshbandiyya-halidiya brotherhood of the Ottoman origin once moved from the Middle East to Russia’s borderlands in the Eastern Caucasus and then came back to the Ottoman Empire from the North Caucasus. Dagestani Sufi networks and holy places represent a specific kind of interactions between the Muslim elites in the Middle East, the North Caucasus, the Volga-Ural region, and Anatolia from the late nineteenth century up today. The biographies of Muhammad and Sharaf ad-Din from Kikuni buried in Turkey are well documented in various written sources, epigraphs, and oral histories. They participated in the 1877 Uprising, were exiled in the Volga region, and then immigrated to the Ottoman Empire. Their biographies show that the Naqshbandiya-Khalidiyya often crossed political boundaries and ideological barriers established in the region during the demarcation of the possessions of the Ottoman Turkey and the Russian Empire. The exchange of territories and subjects between Turkey and Russia over the past one and a half centuries led to the emergence of hybrid identities. The article traces a micro-history of an identity in a muhajir (immigrant) village community in Western Anatolia. Contrary to popular belief, the Sufi brotherhood never represented a single elusive player in the “Big Game” between the Great Powers. Rather, it included numerous rival factions whose leaders formed complex relations with each other and with local political elites. Sufi ritual networks were and still are closely connected to more local networks of sacred sites (ziyarats) in the regions.

Added: Mar 5, 2019
Article
Давидсон А. Б. Восток. Афро-Азиатские общества: история и современность. 2009. № 1. С. 5-13.

The fiftieth anniversary is approaching of the year which has entered the world history as "The Year of Аfrica". In 1960 seventeen new Аfrican states appeared on the map of the world. In connection with this anniversary the summing up of the results is beginning in Аfrica and the whole world: what has this half-century road been like? What difficulties, achievements, mistakes have been on this road? It is necessary also to track the road of science in the field of Аfrican studies, to estimate to what degree its predictions have come true, what achievements, difficulties, mistakes it has had. In his article the author unifies the analysis of scientific achievements with what he saw himself when he was a student and a post-graduate student from the end of the 1940-s to the middle of the 1950-s, and he stresses what is important in this country's Аfrican studies and what is not clear enough to people who came to science at a later time.

Added: Apr 15, 2013