Residents’ perceptions of wine tourism on the rural destinations development
The purpose of this paper is to study the impact of wine tourism on rural destination development. Consequently, this study attempts to develop contemporary insights on this under-researched area such as residents’ perceptions of wine tourism and its impact on the rural destination development. Personal resident benefit associated with wineries is positively related to resident perceived economic impact (H1) R2=0.624; socio-cultural impact (H2) R2=0.685 and environmental impact (H3) R2=0.716 of wineries on local communities. Looking at the path diagram, the authors concluded that personal resident benefit associated with wineries is strongly related to resident perceived impact of wineries on local communities as regression weights are higher. Other findings relate those residents’ positive perceptions of wine tourism to increases in sales revenue, environmental protection, intrapersonal and interpersonal communication. The positive attitude of the local population is an essential link of development. Such understanding of residents’ perceptions optimizes destination management in the future and, more importantly, local sustainable development. This has high policy implications.
Nowadays renewable energy, especially bioenergy, is one of the most important priorities of the sustainable development. We investigate this question by case study of Russia, because Russia is the first in the world by the resources of biomass and forest. Also the country has problem in energy supplying in rural remote areas and it is connected with infrastructure. That is why, the authors investigate using of renewable forest resources for energy supplying in rural areas. In the same time, this aproach is activly investigate in the world science and many scientists resuming about effectivness of the development of bioenergy based on wood chips in rural areas. But in all these works the question of chips recycling in bioenergy is concentrated around logging waste mainly. From the authors’ point of view the most effective for processing is the combination of the chipper operations felling and debarking after preliminary hydrothermal treatment. The issues of low-quality wood utilization after sanitary and cleaning cuttings in forestry are not considered deeply. Mobile bioenergy generation units based on woodchips settle the complex of environmental, social, economic problems in rural areas, especially remote, and can become the driver of the region development in remote areas. Thus, the development of small bioenergy productions based on wood chips from low-quality wood in remote areas solves a set of strategic objectives and contributes to the sustainable development of the territory. Consequently, the implementation of wood chips-based bioenergy in remote areas has the complex multisectoral effect for the area economy, ecology (forestry) and social sphere and significantly stimulates territorial development.This approach is applicable in forested rural area all over the world.
This year was rich for scientific audience in both our countries (Serbia and Russia). So, I would like to thank a lot for this opportunity chief editor Prof. Dr. Mirjana Radovic-Markovic and Prof. Dr. Darko Vukovic. In according with their work this project became possible. I hope that Conference we did together in South Ural State Agrarian University at the end of November became the kind of open dialog platform for modern tendencies in agricultural economics. I think together we discussed a lot of important questions and points of statistics in agriculture, modern methods of mathematical modelling in economics, part of green ecological types of agricultural business. Prof. Vukovic as a curator of this project presented some interesting unknown for us in South Ural terms of EU and Serbia laws in agriculture regulation mechanism. More than 20 scientists presented results of their research in modern economics. Some of its positions could find place in worldwide base of knowledge dedicated to modern agricultural economics. I would like to thank again all members of editorial board of «International Review» for attention to materials of our Conference.
This article is a transcript of the round table at the Rosa Luxemburg Foundation on March 27, which focused on the comparative analysis of the strategic directions of post-socialist rural development in the People’s Republic of China, the Polish People’s Republic and the Russian Federation. Professor Roman Kisiel made a presentation on the problems of Polish rural economy; professor Yan Hairong highlighted the dialectics of contradictions between collective and private farming in China. To a certain extent the Russian scientists L.D. Boni, V.V. Babashkin, and A.V. Gordon became the co-presenters of the Polish and Chinese colleagues when discussing such problems of rural development as the interaction of large and small-scale agrarian production, capitalist, family and collective forms of agriculture, economy and ecology, the city and village, and especially the national agrarian policies regulating all the above. In many ways, China and Poland turned out to be the poles of political and social-cultural agrarian transformations, which determine possible variations of regional models of rural-urban development in Russia. The round table discussion can be useful not only for academic scientists, but also for practitioners involved in developing state and municipal agrarian policies that are to take into account international agrarian experience.
The paper presents an overview of the main theoretical and methodological approaches to rural studies in contemporary social research. This is an interdisciplinary field which incorporates agricultural economics and history, social and economic geography, social and cultural anthropology and cultural studies, sociolinguistics, social psychology, sociology and politics, and analyses the trends of non-urban development and governance. The author discusses interpretations of “the rural” and “rurality” in academic discourse and outlines the relevant research agenda for studying the rural in Russia and in a broader European context with regard to resources that can be potential drivers for rural development and for consolidating rural communities. The study is based on the analysis of academic and public discourse concerning the priorities and strategies of rural development policies in the EU countries and reveals a direct impact of the rural studies research agenda and discourse on decision-making in local rural development policies. An important factor influencing public policy in this sphere is also, as the study shows, an adequate institutional framework for accommodating rural interests at various levels of decision-making. Different resources can be relevant for promoting motivated and innovative identities and contributing to rural development, including values-oriented identity politics that see the rural community both as a pillar of tradition and a source of innovation in environment sustainability, heritage promotion and local good governance. These issues are an integral part of the responsible development agenda - a conceptual framework for promoting innovative change at all levels of social life, one that can stimulate economic agents and individuals to pursue development issues and to hold responsibilities for the choices they make and for the policies they advocate. This is especially important for promoting agency in rural communities and for stimulating their interaction with other agents of social change - government and local authorities, business, NGOs, experts and academia. The latter can contribute to a relevant public discussion on rural development issues, to a closer cooperation between experts and rural communities and to further advancing their active involvement and the inclusion of rural interests into a broader development agenda. Such an input is all the more important for the Russian political research agenda where rural studies have so far been a marginal research area. It can also further stimulate empirical research on “good practices” and their implementation in public policy.