Гипотеза о стимулирующем воздействии туризма на ВВП
The paper contributes to empirical evidence of tourism-led growth (TLG) hypothesis. The research is based on a balanced panel data for 116 countries from the World Bank, 1995–2017. International tourism receipts, its share in GDP, and annual number of international tourist arrivals per capita are used as indicators of countries’ specialization on tourism. Granger (non) causality test as long as autoregressive distributed lags models with heterogeneous parameters and control for cross-sectional dependence are in line with the TLG-hypothesis.
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to introduce findings of comparative analysis and various models based on cultural heritage resources to foster regional development.
Design/methodology/approach – Comparison of operational schemes, market positions and branding of three successful cultural heritage centers in Germany, Great Britain and Russia demonstrates a variety of regional development models based on cultural resources and tourism development, and reveals their advantages and disadvantages.
Findings – The paper evidences the potential of cultural resources and the tourism sector as drivers for regional development, and helps formulate basic recommendations for the Russian situation requiring elaboration of adequate financial and social instruments.
Originality/value – The paper provides a complex analysis of different operational models in three European countries with regard to specific national situations and specificity of heritage operational management.
The International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConferences SGEM bring together researchers, educators and practitioners representing research and educational institutions, companies, government agencies and consulting organizations from all over the world to exchange ideas, to define the research priorities in the fields of geosciences. Our overall objective is to propose potential solutions of problems related to the global changes, to contribute to the integration of environmental consideration into the decision-making process - hoping to ensure that present consumption will not compromise the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
The paper gives an overview of current situation in tourism industry in Russia. This research studies some economic effects of tourism in Russia in comparison with other countries and assesses the multiplicative effect of tourism on the country economy. The research is based on data of Rosstat and WTTC. The analysis can provide useful information to help maximize the economic impact of tourism on the economy of Russia and give a forecast of tourism development in the country.
In recent years there has been a significant growth of interest in regional gastronomic brands. In this chapter the authors analyse the structure, content and individual characteristics of the gastronomic industry as a key component of a regional tourism product. The apparent interest in this gastronomic component stems from tourists’ desire to obtain a deeper understanding of the specificities of the area they are visiting, and to diversify and intensify the impressions garnered on their trips.
The purpose of this chapter therefore is to discover if it is possible to create a gastronomic brand for a territory that lacks a pronounced local cuisine, and to define the foundations and the specific ways in which such a brand might be created. We take St. Petersburg, Russia, as a test case for considering the possible methods of gastronomic brand formation under the conditions of multiculturalism and the lack of a well-defined local cuisine.
Currently, the role of gastronomy in promoting St. Petersburg as a tourist destination is negligible. The search for a gastronomic brand is based on the underlying principles of place branding and recognition of the crucial role that branding plays in creating a tourist image of a territory. This search is also based on research concerning the gastronomic component of the tourist product and an analysis of the motivational factors underpinning gastronomic services targeted at tourists.
St. Petersburg is one of the largest tourist centres in Europe. Largely because of the world-famous cultural image of the city, the level of development and promotion of St. Petersburg’s entire branding as a tourist destination is considerably superior to a gastronomic brand alone. However, the image of a particular location cannot be considered to be complete without a gastronomic component. The effect of gastronomic branding as an instrument to promote a location on the international tourism market should not be underestimated.
However, in the case of St. Petersburg, the gastronomic component of its tourist brand is not clearly defined and does not by itself attract tourists to the city.
This chapter is organised as follows. In the section Theoretical Framework, the authors examine the following: the connection between gastronomy and tourism; the idiosyncrasies of the gastronomic experience of tourists; the fundamental principles of regional branding; and the characteristics of gastronomic branding of destinations.
The section Data and Methodology contains a description of the methodology employed for conducting an stakeholder interview, the criteria under which the stakeholder were selected, and the components of the main stakeholder groups.
In the section Findings, the authors present the key results of the stakeholder survey and the answers to the following questions: How do the stakeholders evaluate the relevance and the prospects of gastronomic brand formation? Do the stakeholders consider gastronomic brand formation in St. Petersburg to be possible on the basis of its cultural and historic heritage? The most important part of the survey was the determination of the basic elements and the specific ways of creating a gastronomic brand for St. Petersburg (on the basis of stakeholders opinions).
Following on from this, we then conducted a series of in-depth expert interviews in order to collect more details to describe the major components of a St. Petersburg gastronomic brand. The authors distinguished four components of the city’s gastronomic brand creation.
Kyn - portal to the beauties of ancient Ural. It is a review of the historical-cultural attractions and tourist routes in Kyn. The settlement is an old mountain centre where the buildings of the former factory remained. It impresses by the beauty of chusovaya cliffs.
A Study on the strategies for attracting Incentive Tour : Focused on JeJu Island in South Korea
In this work the demand for the incoming tourism in the Russian Federation is modeling. The panel data for 16 countries - the basic sources of tourist streams - and the period with 2000 for 2009 are used. Modeling is spent separately for each of 10 tourist zones of Russia. In quality a determinant of demand there are considered a total national product in a country of origin, the exchange rate, transport charges, cost of residing, lag of the demand variable and the fictitious variables reflecting influence of shocks in quality a determinants of demand. The received estimations of dynamic models of demand correspond to expectations, are statistically significant and can be useful in practice of planning of development of entrance tourism in various municipal formations and regions of Russia.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.