The Right to Know and the Right to Keep Secret in the Russian Federation
Victor Monakhov and Anita Soboleva analyse the current development of legal standards in the area of access to information and protection of personal data in the Russian Federation. At the end of 2005 Russia ratified the Convention for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data. At the same time several new laws, intended to harmonize national privacy legislation with this Convention and to define the legal status of different databases, which are being created by the state for the purposes of registration of population and identification of persons, passed the first reading in the State Duma. The article reflects the ongoing debates on the scope of the right to know and the right to keep secret in the Russian context.
The author considers historical evolution and contemporary understanding of the right to privacy, and also specially analyses the Federal Act on Personal Data (2006) in the context of its accordance with goals of the protection of human rights.
Response to Peter Schaar (Chairman of the European Academy For Freedom of Information and Data Protection, former German Data Commissioner) about the incompatibility of the Internet and Big Data with Data protection. It declares that technological development has overtaken the policy-making process and applications according to web 3.0 are likely to be far more effective at piecing together personal data than even traditional search engines.
The article discusses the problems associated with providing public access to court decisions. The author analyzes the existed until 2010 and existing at the moment ways to access to the court acts. Particular attention is paid to issues relating to the list of published court decisions, ways to protect confidential information, contained in judicial decisions, as well as moment of the publication of these documents. Based on this analysis the author formulates proposals for changing the order of access to judicial decisions.
The series of studies collected in theis book represent different approaches of their authors to the problem of privat life in the past.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/