Продуктивность порождения мыслей: роль умственных операций в развертывании мыслительной деятельности
The results of the investigation of a substantive thought generating supported with intellectual operations are presented. The theoretical basis of the study is a conception of a person’s mental ability to thought generating that characterizes his/her intelligence. The proposed approach enables to describe a thinking activity as a process of generating thoughts, which constitute a content of thinking, and as a process of working with thoughts through the intellectual operations. In experimental study conducted with participants (in the sample of university students, N = 50) that were in different conditions of solving a mental task and with different level of intellectual development the composition of intellectual operations was defined, the productivity of their use in continuum of thinking activity development was shown, and the way of their practical acquisition was described. The results demonstrate that the increasing of the productivity of substantive thought generating is at the expense of abstracting and mediating. It was identified that this productivity appeared as the tendency to discern the functional properties of conceivable object by abstracting from its properties which make sense from their personal meaning for thinker as the thinking activity was developed in the beginning, and mediating these properties in the middle and at the end of this process. The important result shown in the study was the interactive effect of the conditions of mental task solving and the level of intellectual development on productivity of thinking in the end of that process. This interaction explants the specify of a certain operation use in thinking activity development and the productivity of generating a substantive thought that make personal sense for thinker subject to the level of his/her intellectual development. The findings of the study are the basis for understanding the learning to think by the acquisition of intellectual operations in solving a certain mental task.