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  • Между социологией и историей: сложные пути социальной теории в постсоветской России (кейс одного интеллектуала).


Между социологией и историей: сложные пути социальной теории в постсоветской России (кейс одного интеллектуала).

The article is an attempt to create an intellectual biography of Professor Oleg Leibovich, who became an academic
mentor to many Perm (and not only Perm) scholars. His biography is both unique and typical. It is unique,
because in Russia, there are few peers of Oleg Leibovich who have found the strength and courage to go such a difficult
way from scientific communism (albeit a formal one, hiding a living thought expressed in the Aesopian language
at that time) through the theory of modernization to the evidence paradigm and theories of everyday life. And it is
typical, because it reflects the turns of intellectual quest of all social sciences in Russia over the last quarter of a century.
Leibovich is both a historian and a sociologist. Initially, he received a degree in History in the history of the
German working class due to Yakov Wolin, and he himself noted the significant influence of Lev Kertman on him.
Then, for many years, he found himself in the scientific and professional orbit of the sociologist Zakhar Fainburg.
Under his leadership, Leibovich received serious sociological training. Fainburg instilled a taste for social theory in
him, and at the department at the Polytechnic Institute, Leibovich acquired skills in conducting sociological research.
At the turn of the 1980s and 1990s, he became one of the prominent authors of the theory of modernization and
wrote several monographs on the history of the USSR within the framework of this theory. Then, Oleg Leibovich
formulated his own approach to the theory of everyday life. Together with his students and colleagues in Perm, he
created his own school of everyday life and wrote many articles and a monograph "In the City of M" based on the
detailed development of local archives. Thus, Oleg Leibovich occupies a special place among Russian historians as a
historian with sociological thinking or as a rare representative of historical sociology.
Key words: intellectual biography, Oleg Leibovich, theory of everyday life, life world, evidence paradigm,
theory of modernization, scientific school.