Ограничения при приеме на государственную гражданскую службу в РФ для молодых женщин (на основе эксперимента)
The legislation of the Russian Federation, along with international normative legal acts, clearly establishes the rights of women aimed at legal protection of their position in public relations, however, traditional ideas about the social roles of men and women constitute an obstacle to the full enjoyment of rights and freedoms. So, in the state civil service of the Russian Federation, despite the guarantees provided by part 1 of Article 3 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation to ensure compliance with the principle of gender equality in employment, young applicants still encounter difficulties in the admission process.
In this article, we check and compare whether government agencies are ready to hire women with pregnancy or family responsibilities, as well as young men with family responsibilities. To do this, we organized and conducted an experiment - a telephone survey of contact persons for vacancies posted on the website of the Federal Portal of Management Personnel, which provide reference information on issues of joining the civil service.
On the basis of the experiment, a reproduction of gender stereotypes was revealed on the part of civil servants responsible for communication with applicants for filling civil service positions. Young women receive a “penalty for motherhood” even at the stage of joining the government in conditions of “dominant masculinity”.