Литература о повседневности и повседневность в литературе
The article analyzes the books devoted to the literature of everyday life
En 1543 Pierre Galland, recteur de l'Université de Paris et plus tard un des lecteurs royaux qui furent à l'origine du Collège de France, s'inspirant de l'argumentation humaniste tenta de diminuer la durée des études de philosophie. La durée des études, déjà réduite de cinq ans à trois ans et demi, pourrait être abbrégée encore d'une année. On croyait que cette dernière année était inutile et qu les études trop longues ne faisaient que détourner les étudiants de la philosophie. Néanmoins cette réforme rencontra l'oppostion acharnée des théologues parisiens. Qui étaient les héros principaux de ce conflit? De quoi dépendait leur argumentation? Quels problèmes se trouvaient à l'épicentre de la lutte? Des documents notariés, malgré leur forme stricte ou bien grâce à elle, ainsi que des aspects institutionnelles de l'histoire universitaire nous aident à trouver des traits nouveaux dans cette collision.
The article represents a reconstruction of the Moscow University's students' monthly budgets. Listed are both their incomes and expenses. The most common wa the budget of 25 rubles per month. The estimation of the students' incomes is based on the information about the governmental and the private scholarships, "The Society for the Assistance of students in Reduced Circumstances" aid, the freelancing opportunities and the family support. Monthly expenses include rent, food and various entertainments. The estimations are based on the statistics of the food pricing, average rental costs and scholarships, as well as freelance jobs announcements for students. The author outlines two types of the perfect students' budgets, which could reflect students expenditures with differing interests
The series of studies collected in theis book represent different approaches of their authors to the problem of privat life in the past.
The article discribes the history of iron as an important social-cultural artifact
In article on the basis of a case study examines the everyday life of the Stalinist system. Postwar political campaign was broadcast on the world of Soviet man. The study of conflict within the school community, helps to understand the strength of practices that used an ordinary Soviet people beyond the boundaries of the world of big politics. Professional conflict between the teacher of history and Director of the school suddenly acquired political resonance. The quarrel went outside educational institutions, and became the subject of discussion of various political and administrative authorities. The teacher of history and continued the fight in new institution.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.