Европейская инициатива по стандартизации: основные положения и предварительный анализ
In this paper, we present the analysis of existing learning needs and motivations of educational organizations in the realities of the contemporary systemic changes in the educational environment of the Russian Federation. The theoretical basis of the research was the work of researchers of the concepts of knowledge management (knowledge management), human resources management (human resources management), organization theory and management practices, as well as sociology. The methodological and instrumental base was the mathematical analysis of sociological data processing, one-dimensional and two-dimensional descriptive analysis with the use of regression, factor and cluster analysis, which allowed to obtain five factors of qualification deficiencies and three groups of motives for the formation of educational requests. The results of the research work were the identification of weak and strong current competencies of managers of educational organizations. Identified educational programs meet the identified learning needs of managers. The main aim of this paper is to solve the problem of management accounting and the effectiveness of professional interaction of managers in the transition to project activities in order to obtain additional resources for the development of the educational organization.
The article describes the pattern, which allows to evaluate project management maturity in a company and to formulate recommendations related to management evolution. The results of evaluating the level of project management maturity in Russia are compared to that in the United States.
управление проектами, модели зрелости управления проектами, оценка зрелости управления проектом, project management, patterns of project management maturity, evaluation of project management maturity
The article presents a comparative analysis of the nature and content of the concepts of risk and business reputation of the organization. The factors that may affect the process of digitalization of the economy in Russia are identified. Defined the inter-relationship digitalization of the economy and the business reputation of industrial companies. The refined definition of risk suggests considering risk as an economic phenomenon, which is an integral element of all socio-economic processes that occur in the organization, and is able to lead the system out of balance and, consequently, either improve its performance, or lead to undesirable losses, or destroy. The complete concept of business reputation is that it defines it as a stable representation in the minds of contractors of the organization (consumers, government agencies, suppliers, commercial banks) about the good faith of the fulfillment of its obligations, a high level of quality of the products of the efficiency of the implementation of business contracts. The interrelation between increase in business reputation and growth of competitiveness of the industrial organizations is shown. The proposed quantitative index for assessing the level of goodwill by the dynamics of the revealed violations of the organizations in the industry. The dynamics of this indicator of industrial organizations of the Russian Federation in 2011-2017 is investigated. Such directions of reducing the risk of business reputation of the industrial organization of the Russian Federation as the development of tools for motivating personnel, the intensification of the use of professional psychological assistance for employees and management of industrial companies, the movement of their business reputation in social networks, the improvement of PR-companies of industrial enterprises, the development of self-regulatory organizations of the industry and the intensification of their activities in the management of the process of ensuring business reputation. The necessity of formation of independent qualified ratings of business reputation of domestic industrial companies formed in the context of sub-sectors of a particular sector of the economy and regions of the Russian Federation is shown.
The paper considers the regional educational initiative for the implementation of the International Baccalaureate Programme in Perm Krai. The results represent benefits and risks for each stakeholder group of the project. The recommendations given in the paper deal with the improvement of its long-term effectiveness.
The study of factors and motivesfor forming qualification deficits and educational demands of University middle managers in the context of knowledge management, practical significance, the results of which is the solution of the problem of management accounting and the effectiveness of professional interaction of managers in the transition to the project type of professional activity and obtaining additional resources for the development of the University. Innovation, in the context of the non-linear nature of the University as an educational organization and the basic processes of its life, the article postulates as a nonlinear phenomenon that is required for the generation and implementation of adequate forms of University management, which provides project management. The process of updating the sources of University managers qualification as the basis of efficiency and productivity of University management, considered in the article to the context of knowledge management, allowed not only to offer ways of direct overcoming of the identified qualification deficits that can be overcome with the help of certain educational programs, but also to determine the basis for the formation of productive management project teams based on the use of the strengths of University managers, which in turn contribute to the generation of, develop and implement internal and external innovative university projects.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.