SOVIET CINEMA AND NOSTALGIA FOR THE USSR IN THE RUSSIAN VILLAGE
The paper discusses the phenomenon of nostalgia for the USSR which is widely spread among Russian rural settlers from various regions. The focus of analysis is biased by taking in the consideration specialties of the media consumption common to villagers. The satellite TV which came to Russian village in 21th century enhances nostalgia for the USSR because of the emergency of Soviet films transmitting. The basis of the research is formed by five expeditions conducted in villages of Kostroma region (2012), Rostov-on-Don region (2013), Republic of Tatarstan (2014), Irkutsk region (2014) and Tambov region (2018). The results of semi-structured indepth interviews with 240 villagers correlate with analysis of the television content which interviewees watch. The authors show that permanent transmitting of Soviet films on popular among rural settlers TV-channels sustains nostalgia for the USSR and constructs the ideal image of the USSR. “Generalized elsewhere” of the USSR as it could be interpreted in media ecology tradition appears to be paradise. Paradise of the USSR is not lost but it is immortalized on TV screen which shows the world of fairy tale where nothing dies.
The article considers the phenomenon of nostalgia for the late Soviet times. The author presents the results of his observations over the nostalgia segment of the Russian blogosphere. The article is based on the concepts of the past, collective memory and nostalgia, which have been worked out by M. Halbwachs, D. Lowenthal and S. Boym.
The article is about soviet childhood and the museum of the soviet arcade machines
The present introduction to Oksana Bulgakowa's biography of Sergei Eisenstein the experience of biographical and critical writing on Eisensteon in Russia and abroad is being briefly described and characterized. Also the significance of the very figure of the artist is specified, and main issues in researching his voulumetric heritage are also considered.
Andrei Tarkovsky's last film The Sacrifice what shot during spring and summer 1985 one Gotland and in Stockholm. This book contains more than 250 photographs taken over the course of the shooting period, from the first day of filming to the last. You will not see in these photographs a posing director, or posing members of the film crew, no; rather you will se a visual record capturing our workday, rehearsals, pensive moments, minutes of repose and instances of extreme tension. Time and memories slip away, but photographs bring back to life the details, atmosphere and mood. This book fulfils a desire to share with everyone who values the oeuvre of Andrei Tarkovsky that "sculpted time" - those captures moments - when we filmed, in Sweden, the work that was to become his testament to the world, in order to impart, in whatever way possible, the irrepressible, incandescent energy that burst forth from the director in a continuous torrent, affecting and enchanting every one of us who came into his presence.
In her research, Anastasia Fedorova explores how in the first half of the twentieth century Japanese and Russian filmmakers, critics, and audiences interacted with each other through the medium of film. Drawing on primary sources collected in Japan, Russia, and the U.S., she presents the concept of Realism as a recurrent concern and the chief motivating force behind the interactions between Soviet and Japanese cinema.
The article dwells on the problem of an indefinite legal status of television parody in the Russian Federation. This has been viewed in terms of stipulations in paragraph 3, article 1274 in Civil Code of the Russian Federation, allowing free use of products made in the genre of parody. The author attempts to formulate the criteria for attribution of various materials to the genre of parody. These criteria have not been thoroughly studied in scientific literature yet, despite the growth of number and popularity of television programs referring to this genre on modern TV.
Research on empathy, altruism, and cooperation is one of the highest priorities in the fields of social anthropology, psychology, and evolutionary sciences around the world. The goal of this article is to assess the level of empathy of Russian students towards people with disabilities. For this purpose, we measured respondents’ levels of anxiety and aggression, assessed the correlation of these characteris- tics with empathy, determined the degree of their change under the influence of stress (sensitivity to stress). Also, we used the 2D:4D ratio as a biomarker of prenatal androgenization. The outcome of this study shows that human behavior is determined by a complex of interrelated social (cultural) and biological factors. Femininity (as a reflection of prenatal oestrogenization of the brain) is a predictor of higher levels of empathy and cooperation and more pronounced reactions to stressful stimuli, re- gardless of environmental factors.
Cross-cultural study of traditional norms and modern structuring of space in a residential building showed, on the basis of the field material collected in Russia and Tanzania, that changing of the organization of the living space in dwellings that occurs under the influence of globalization and propaganda of the Western lifestyle is influenced by the initial culture, religion, climatic conditions, media and economic situation of the population. Substantial changes in the twentieth century have led to serious transformations in structuring of the inner space of the Russian house. Focus on creating comfort for children and youth, and not for the older generation in the residential space reflects the transition of Russian society from postfigurative culture type to cofigurative culture type. But there had been no such transition in Tanzania, since the vast part of the population still lives in poverty.
In modern Tanzanian urban society compared with Russian the preservation of traditional norms structuring of residential space is much stronger, which is related with the living of Tanzanians in the houses of traditional type and with incomplete process of urbanization.
The gender differences in perception and organization of home space are universal − girls, compared to boys, perceive the ethno-cultural model of space organization of the house much better, and probably they would transmit it to succeeding generations in the future. However, in Tanzanian case, gender differences are much smoother, due to the very low economic status of Tanzanians.
The influence of media on the organization of residential space is much more significant in Russia than in Tanzania.
The book contains tests and exercises to help learners improve their langugae skills.
The article is based on the annual Perm All-Russian scientific and practical conference "Artificial intelligence in solving urgent social and economic problems of the XXI century" (http://www.permai.ru/files/26.05.2018.pdf). It is also a brief overview of the results of the Perm branch of the Scientific Council of the Russian Academy of Sciences on the methodology of artificial intelli- gence, as well as several departments of the Perm state University, Perm state humanitarian pedagogi- cal University, National research University Higher school of Economics, Perm state medical University. The review covers the works that develop and apply the methods of artificial intelligence in the classical sense, i.e., those methods that simulate human intellectual activity by simulating natural mechanisms.
These are expert systems, genetic algorithms, neural networks, fuzzy mathematics. The scientific priori- ty of Perm scientists in the development of theoretical foundations and practical applications of artificial intelligence is emphasized.
Keywords: Artificial intelligence, neural network, expert system, genetic algorithm, theory, prac- tice, modeling, forecasting, optimization, recognition, data processing, knowledge extraction.