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Casus belli, или Без царя в голове. Анонимная поэма "Чрево" и поэтика тела в XII-XIII вв.

The article explores discourses and ideas related to the human body as expressed in Latin literature of the Higher Middle Ages, with a special attention payed to an anonymous poem in hundred elegiac distichs, probably composed shortly after 1200: De ventre. The poem is compared to other examples of the specific genre of poetic altercatio, as well as to discussions of the functioning of organism, from the School of Chartres to the "Retorica corporis humani" by Nicolas de Sanctis in 1260. The article is supplied by a complete poetic translation of the De ventre into Russian.