Экологическая логистика в компаниях сетевой розничной торговли
The search for effective ways of waste management is an urgent scientific and practical task that faces companies involved in various sectors of the economy. On the one hand, this is due to the need to comply with environmental legislation, which imposes requirements to reduce the negative burden on the environment in the implementation of its activities. On the other hand, the effective organization of the collection and transfer of waste for recycling can help reduce the costs of companies and create an additional source of income, which will increase the profitability of the business.
The article discusses the possible directions of work with waste generated because of the activities of domestic retail chain companies. The classification, which can be used for the purposes of the organization of separate collection of waste and their subsequent processing, is offered. The analysis of methods of the theory of logistics which modification will promote introduction of ecological principles in retail business is carried out. The results of the analysis of the domestic market of waste processing, their nomenclature, and specifics of treatment, and prices for disposal are presented. Calculations of possible revenues of retail chain companies from the transfer of waste to recycling based on industry averages.
The methodological principles set forth in the article are based on a systematic analysis of the relationships between the elements of logistics and environmental systems in the process of managing direct and return material flows. The methods of technical-economic and financial analysis, mathematical statistics and information processing were used to assess the economic efficiency of the solutions proposed in the article. Because of the calculations, it is shown that the organization and implementation of separate waste collection by retail chain enterprises can reduce the cost of removal and disposal of waste and have a positive impact on the environment.