О «травме методом» и эмоциональной работе полевого исследователя
This article investigates the preconditions and underestimated consequences of the emotional experience of fieldwork. The lack of theoretical and methodological discussion on the subject of researcher’s “emotional work” in Russian science misrepresents specifics of interview and ethnography. As opposed to that, the perfection of conceptual schemes and research tools, as well as formal ethical procedures, is highly emphasized. Therefore misperception and unpreparedness of those who are up for their first empirical material can lead to a painful encounter with reality. The epistemological, ethical and ontological consequences of such “trauma” can greatly influence both the researcher's strategy and his or her personality. The article briefly summarizes some foundations of “qualitative” methods, and compares different role of emotions in disciplinary fields of sociology and anthropology, and investigates complications and risks of emotions during fieldwork.