Заполярный интернатовец. Письма Б.Г. Меньшагина к В.И. Лашковой
Epistolary B.G. Menshagin is an integral part of his literary heritage. His personal letters were written in 1971-1984, upon his release from prison. Two large corps of letters are addressed to V. I. Lashkova and G. G. Superfin, several more to N. G. Levitizkaja. This publication includes letters to V.I. Lashkova only.
The article is devoted to the contingents of victims of the Nazi occupation - the mentally ill, gypsies and Soviet prisoners of war as objects of a policy of total or partial elimination. The information cited by B.G. Menshagin (1902–1984), mayor of Smolensk and Bobruisk during the German occupation, contained in his memoirs, first published in 2017. This information is analyzed and verified using archival sources, both Russian and German. As a result, reconstitution succeeded. An additional aspect is the nature of the memorialization of the memory of affected contingents in Smolensk to rule out the picture of liquidation actions - the stratocide of the mentally ill and ethnocidatsygan, as well as the role of Smolensk as the most important node for the concentration of setidulags in the territories occupied by Germans. Verification basically confirms Menshagin’s allegations of his special efforts as burgomaster in removing several thousand Soviet prisoners of war from the state of captivity in the villages of Smolensk
The name of Boris Georgievich Menshagin (1902-1984), mayor of Smolensk and Bobruysk during the Nazi occupation occurs more and more frequently in recent history studies. Boris Menshagin is recalled in the first place as the author of extremely interesting memoirs and as striking and very interesting personality whose unique destiny asks many questions to historians and deserves thorough study and reflection. His literature heritage, including memoirs, recorded interviews and letters is a very valuable historical source touching on prewar, wartime and postwar history of the USSR. These evidences are monument to the epoch and real treasure and for masterminds from of Chief Political Directorate they are beam in the eye, destroying stereotypes. The publication includes a complete and previously never-published text of an audio interview taken from Menshagin by N.P. Lisovsky in 1978.
Recently, the name of Boris Georgievich Menshagin (1902-1984), an interesting person with a unique fate, is increasingly found in historiography. A successful Smolensk lawyer in the pre-war years, the burgomaster of Smolensk and Bobruisk during the summer German occupation, sentenced for this to 25 years in prison, the author of interesting historical testimonies left both during the investigation and in prison, and upon release. Written memoirs, audio interviews, and Menshagin’s letters form the core of the book and, together with a selection of unique documents, are a monument to the era and a true treasure for the historian, first of all, for the researcher of the German occupation regime in the USSR and Soviet collaboration.
The discussions on the nature of inter-ethnic relations, and the degree of the various ethnic groups` involvement in the process of establish the Soviet regime in the Eastern Polish territory in 1939-1941 do not lose its relevance. Dividing the local population on the ethnical basis, we can conclude, that while the Polish population certainly suffered from the Soviet repressions a lot; and while Belarusians suffered from repression significantly less; the local Jews were victims and executioners at the same time. This article deals with highlighting of that phenomenon basing both on personal and Soviet archival accounts.
The article is an overview of the life and work of Boris Menshagin, the mayor of Smolensk during the German occupation.
The third зфке is devoted to the events of the first and second periods of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. It reveals political, economic and military-strategic conditions and prerequisites, which became a watershed event in a radical change in the war in favor of the Soviet Union and other countries of the anti-Hitler coalition. The main attention is paid to the decisive battles and battles that changed the course of the Great Patriotic War and the Second World War. The greatness of the heroism of the Soviet people, the dramatic events of 1941 and 1942 are shown. The activities of the Soviet and German political and military leadership, military art of confrontation are analyzed.
The members of the Sonderkommando to whom this book is devoted are auxiliary workers brigades composed almost exclusively of Jews whom the Nazis forced to assist in mass conveyor killing of tens and hundreds of thousands of other people, both Jews and non-Jews, in gas chambers, in the cremation of their corpses and in the disposal of their ashes, golden teeth and female hair. The fact that they will survive the Shoa, the Nazis could not imagine. Nevertheless, about one hundred and ten people from about two thousand two hundred survived, and several dozen of them either wrote about what they themselves experienced or gave detailed interviews. But many of the dead left behind written evidence, and some of them were discovered after the war in land and ashes near the crematoriums of Auschwitz-Auschwitz. These scrolls - undoubtedly the central documents of the Holocaust - are firstly collected in this book.
It's a publication of the B.G.Menshagin's letters, or better to say, his complaints, sent from the Vladimir Prison "Upstairs", to various authorities – of the communist party, government, judicial, to the prosecutor’s office and to the KGB, and also to the prison authorities.