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  • Идентификация и локализация восточноевропейского топонима ustaulm (к истолкованию рунической надписи XI в. на камне из норвежского хутора Альстад)

Article

Идентификация и локализация восточноевропейского топонима ustaulm (к истолкованию рунической надписи XI в. на камне из норвежского хутора Альстад)

Щавелев А. С.

The article proposes an identification of the place-name ustaulm / *Ustahólmr witnessed in the runic inscription of the mid-eleventh century on the stone from Ålstad (Nordland, Norway) as a Scandinavian variant of the Slavic oeсonym *Оусть-островъ, which is supposed to designate a settlement of the Rus’ on the island of St. Aitherios (presumably, contemporary Berezan’ Island) at the mouth of the Dnieper. The article suggests that the three main camp-settlements of the Rus’ on their way down the Dnieper River in the 10th and 11th centuries were named in this runic inscription: Russia = Kiev (= *Garðar), Vitichev (= *Vitahólmr) and a camp on an island at the mouth of the Dnieper *Estuary-island (= *Ustahólmr).